Ken Christiansen

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Microvillus membrane vesicles from pig small intestine were isolated by a method based on hypotonic lysis, Mg2+-aggregation of contaminants and differential centrifugation. The purity of the membrane vesicles were established by measuring the activity of marker enzymes and the RNA and DNA content. The membranes were found free of contamination by other(More)
To search for caveolar proteins, mice were immunised with rat adipocyte membranes. Hybridoma supernatants were screened for antibodies to proteins on the cytosolic face of caveolae by indirect immunoelectron microscopy of immunogold-labelled adipocyte plasma membrane sheets adsorbed on electron-microscope (EM) grids. One of the hybridoma supernatants (2F11)(More)
Electrophoretically pure and functionally intact human placental insulin receptor was studied by electron microscopy with negative-staining techniques. The quaternary structure of the detergent-solubilized receptor was determined. The receptor had the shape of a letter T approximately 24 nm in height and 18 nm in width with a thickness of the stem and the(More)
Triacylglycerol synthesis has been studied in a lipid particle preparation of baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), and compared with the synthesis in other subcellular fractions. Fatty acid-CoA ligase (AMP) (EC activity and sn-glycerol 3-phosphate acyltransferase activity (EC were present in all the subcellular fractions tested but(More)
A pig hepatocyte culture system was used for phase 2 biotransformation studies in vitro. The viability of the cultured hepatocytes was characterized daily during cultivation by lactate dehydrogenase release into the supernatant and albumin synthesis of the cells. The metabolic activity of the hepatocyte cultures was measured by 7-ethoxycoumarin (ECOD) and(More)
In this report, the nature of the protein components involved in the functioning of cytidine-5'-monophosphate-N-acetylneuraminic acid (CMP-Neu5 Ac) hydroxylase in high-speed supernatants of mouse liver has been investigated. Fractionation and reconstitution experiments showed that this enzyme system consists of NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase, cytochrome b5(More)
In this paper, we present the results of an investigation into the catalytic properties of CMP-Neu5Ac hydroxylase (Neu5Ac: N-acetylneuraminic acid) in high-speed supernatants of mouse liver. The enzyme was most active in Hepes/NaOH pH 7.4 and was markedly inhibited by relatively small increases in ionic strength, though the inhibition was abolished by(More)