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We compared temporal changes in isometric tension in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells inoculated on a polymerized collagen membrane with changes in cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion derived by a mathematical model of transendothelial cell resistance. Thrombin and histamine disrupt barrier function by targeting a greater loss in cell-cell(More)
To determine how histamine regulates endothelial barrier function through an integrative cytoskeletal network, we mathematically modeled the resistance across an endothelial cell-covered electrode as a function of cell-cell, cell-matrix, and transcellular resistances. Based on this approach, histamine initiated a rapid decrease in transendothelial(More)
Exposure of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells to the cAMP agonists theophylline and forskolin decreased constitutive isometric tension of a confluent monolayer inoculated on a collagen membrane, but it did not prevent increased tension in cells exposed to thrombin. The inability of cAMP agonists to prevent tension development correlated with(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2) is an adaptor protein that modulates the activation of the c-Jun NH(2) terminal kinase (JNK)/c-Jun and IkappaB kinase (IKK)/nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) signaling cascades in response to TNFalpha stimulation. Although many serine/threonine kinases have been implicated in TNFalpha-induced(More)
TRAF2 is an adaptor protein that regulates the activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and IkappaB kinase (IKK) signaling cascades in response to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) stimulation. Although the downstream events in TNF-alpha signaling are better understood, the membrane-proximal events are still elusive. Here, we demonstrate that(More)
In this paper new technical aspects are discussed in the measurement of the low amount of force typically expressed in cultured endothelial cells. We illustrate how potential background noises interfere with signal acquisition. We present a new generation prototype that measures isometric tension in vitro in multiple samples and in more than on isometric(More)
The mechanisms of phorbol ester- and thrombin-mediated pulmonary artery endothelial barrier dysfunction were compared. Phorbol ester dibutyrate (PDBU) mediated slow force velocity and less force than thrombin. Taxol did not attenuate PDBU-mediated tension, while it reversed nocodazole-mediated tension. PDBU-mediated tension was not affected by acrylamide;(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2) and receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1) play critical roles in activating c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and inhibitor of kappaB kinase (IKK), as well as in inhibiting apoptosis induced by TNFalpha. The TRAF2 RING domain-mediated polyubiquitination of RIP1 is believed to be essential for(More)
Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2) regulates activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)/c-Jun and the inhibitor of κB kinase (IKK)/nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling cascades in response to TNF-α stimulation. Gene knockout studies have revealed that TRAF2 inhibits TNF-α-induced cell death but promotes oxidative(More)
The death receptor (DR) ligand TRAIL is being evaluated in clinical trials as an anti-cancer agent; however, many studies have found that TRAIL also enhances tumor progression by activating the NF-κB pathway in apoptosis-resistant cells. Although RIP1, cFLIP and caspase-8 have been implicated in TRAIL-induced JNK and NF-κB activation, underlying mechanisms(More)