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This review addresses metal uptake specifically by yeast. Metal uptake may be passive, active or both, depending on the viability of the biomass, and is influenced by a number of environmental and experimental factors. Uptake is typically accompanied by a degree of ion exchange and, under certain conditions, may be enhanced by the addition of an energy(More)
Inhibition of the growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was evident at concentrations of 0.5 mM Mn2+ or higher, but a tolerance to lower Mn2+ concentrations was observed. The inhibitory effects of 2.0 mM Mn2+ were eliminated by supplementing the medium with excess Mg2+ (10 mM), whereas addition of excess Ca2+ and K+ had negligible effect on Mn2+ toxicity.(More)
To determine how histamine regulates endothelial barrier function through an integrative cytoskeletal network, we mathematically modeled the resistance across an endothelial cell-covered electrode as a function of cell-cell, cell-matrix, and transcellular resistances. Based on this approach, histamine initiated a rapid decrease in transendothelial(More)
We compared temporal changes in isometric tension in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells inoculated on a polymerized collagen membrane with changes in cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion derived by a mathematical model of transendothelial cell resistance. Thrombin and histamine disrupt barrier function by targeting a greater loss in cell-cell(More)
The magnesium content of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was found to vary by up to fivefold at differing␣ stages of batch growth and during growth in the presence of differing magnesium concentrations. Excess Mg was primarily sequestered in vacuoles. Mn2+-uptake experiments revealed that Mg-enriched cells had a markedly reduced capacity for Mn2+ accumulation. For(More)
Exposure of cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells to the cAMP agonists theophylline and forskolin decreased constitutive isometric tension of a confluent monolayer inoculated on a collagen membrane, but it did not prevent increased tension in cells exposed to thrombin. The inability of cAMP agonists to prevent tension development correlated with(More)
The mechanisms of phorbol ester- and thrombin-mediated pulmonary artery endothelial barrier dysfunction were compared. Phorbol ester dibutyrate (PDBU) mediated slow force velocity and less force than thrombin. Taxol did not attenuate PDBU-mediated tension, while it reversed nocodazole-mediated tension. PDBU-mediated tension was not affected by acrylamide;(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2) is an adaptor protein that modulates the activation of the c-Jun NH(2) terminal kinase (JNK)/c-Jun and IkappaB kinase (IKK)/nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) signaling cascades in response to TNFalpha stimulation. Although many serine/threonine kinases have been implicated in TNFalpha-induced(More)
The presence of glucose resulted in a two- to three-fold increase in levels of Cd2+accumulated by Saccharomyces cerevisiae after 5 h compared with those observed in the absence of glucose. However, time-dependent Cd2+ uptake continued in the absence of glucose over 5 h, resulting in an appreciable increase in cellular Cd2+levels. Substantial K+ efflux but(More)
TRAF2 is an adaptor protein that regulates the activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and IkappaB kinase (IKK) signaling cascades in response to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) stimulation. Although the downstream events in TNF-alpha signaling are better understood, the membrane-proximal events are still elusive. Here, we demonstrate that(More)