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OBJECTIVE This study reports on the influence of migraine and comorbid depression on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a population-based sample of subjects with migraine and nonmigraine controls. METHODS Two population-based studies of similar design were conducted in the United States and United Kingdom. A clinically validated, computer-assisted(More)
The Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS) questionnaire is a brief, self-administered questionnaire designed to quantify headache-related disability over a 3 month period. The MIDAS score has been shown to have moderately high test-retest reliability in headache sufferers and is correlated with clinical judgment regarding the need for medical care. The aim(More)
Difficulties in predicting "real life" physiological variation from responses to controlled stress tasks suggest the need for more ecologically valid laboratory challenges. The Social Competence Interview (SCI) measures physiological changes elicited by re-experiencing a life situation in which a valued striving was unexpectedly hindered. The 14-minute(More)
Evaluated a 15-month social support intervention for mothers of children with JRA. Five mentors (mothers of young adults who have had JRA since childhood) were linked to mothers of children with JRA ages 2 to 11 for purposes of enhancing specific types of social support and overall mental health. The total number of reported mental health symptoms decreased(More)
BACKGROUND A large number of headache sufferers with features of migraine fail to meet criteria for strict migraine (SM; migraine with or without aura) but do meet criteria for probable migraine (PM). OBJECTIVES To estimate the prevalence of PM, to compare the epidemiologic profiles of SM and PM, and to assess the disability and impact on the(More)
BACKGROUND Contingency management interventions that provide tangible incentives based on objective indicators of drug abstinence have improved treatment outcomes of substance abusers, but have not been widely implemented in community drug abuse treatment settings. OBJECTIVE To compare outcomes achieved when a lower-cost prize-based contingency management(More)
CONTEXT Contingency management interventions that provide tangible incentives based on objective indicators of drug abstinence are efficacious in improving outcomes in substance abusers, but these treatments have rarely been implemented in community-based settings. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of an abstinence-based contingency management(More)
Examined psychological symptomatology in a community-based sample of 286 young adults with chronic health conditions randomly drawn from the rolls of two state programs for Children with Special Health Care Needs. The Psychiatric Symptom Index was used to assess mental health. We investigated how selected condition characteristics (e.g., indices of(More)
This article tests the hypothesis that 'sociotropic cognition'--heightened preoccupation with being accepted by others--increase vulnerability to cardiovascular stress in females. Adolescent girls (55 African-American; 23 Caucasian) at increased risk of developing essential hypertension due to persisting high normal blood pressure, completed measures of(More)
Excessive blood pressure elevations during daily activities increase cardiovascular risk and may be related to individual differences in emotionality and expressive style. Emotional traits and ambulatory blood pressure were measured during a typical school day in 228 Black and White adolescents at risk of developing essential hypertension. Trait affect(More)