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The soleus is the most commonly used muscle for H-reflex studies in humans, while limited comparable data have been produced from the gastrocnemii muscles. This article reviews the fundamental differences between the structure and function of the human soleus and gastrocnemii muscles, including recent data published about their complex innervation zones.(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine electromechanical delay (EMD) using supramaximal stimuli and to investigate its variation with gender, age, contraction level and fatigue. METHODS Fifteen male and 15 female healthy subjects (aged between 18 and 60) participated in our study. Electromyogram (EMG) recordings were taken from triceps surae(More)
We have induced H-reflex responses in human tibialis anterior motor units and analysed the results using the classical technique, peristimulus time histogram (PSTH), and a new technique, peristimulus frequencygram (PSF). The PSF has recently been shown to be more reliable than the PSTH for indicating the synaptic connections on motoneurones, and therefore(More)
The understanding of human central nervous system (CNS) depends on knowledge of its wiring. However, there are still gaps in our understanding of its wiring due to technical difficulties. While some information is coming out from human experiments, medical research is lacking of simulation models to put current findings together to obtain the global picture(More)
Measuring human reflex responses from electromyogram (EMG) traces in an accurate, repeatable and reliable way with a high degree of specificity has traditionally been a difficult task. This paper describes a new method that can be used to quantify reflex responses from both surface and intra-muscular EMG. This technique extends the classical cumulative sum(More)
We present a novel computational model that detects temporal configurations of a given human neuronal pathway and constructs its artificial replication. This poses a great challenge since direct recordings from individual neurons are impossible in the human central nervous system and therefore the underlying neuronal pathway has to be considered as a black(More)
The peristimulus frequencygram (PSF) has recently been shown to illustrate postsynaptic potentials of motoneurones much more reliably than the peristimulus time histogram (PSTH). The aim of this investigation was to examine the profile of the postsynaptic potential (PSP) in soleus motoneurones in response to an H-reflex with and without accompanying M waves(More)
The amplitude and time course of synaptic potentials in human motoneurons can be estimated in tonically discharging motor units by measuring stimulus-evoked changes in the rate and probability of motor unit action potentials. However, in spite of the fact that some of these techniques have been used for over 30 years, there is still no consensus on the best(More)