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In this manuscript, an energy-efficient train operation between successive stations is studied. Cruising and coasting, two basic motion phases of train, should be taken into consideration in order to decrease energy consumption. Determining the optimal switching points from one motion phase into another is key in the energy saving. It is shown that, genetic(More)
Increasing demand for energy and environmental concerns have increased importance of energy-efficient transportation. In this manuscript, an energy-efficient train operation based on finding optimal speed profile is studied. As a nature-inspired metaheuristic approach, Firefly algorithm is employed to find optimal switching points of the train control(More)
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