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BACKGROUND ischemic strokes occurring in patients younger than 47 years is a relatively rare event and accounts for less than 5% of all ischemic strokes in western countries. OBJECTIVE the etiologic spectrum in younger patients and older patients differs considerably. METHODS in this hospital case series study, we enrolled 192 patients with ischemic(More)
Around the town of Cermik in south-east Turkey there are many deposits of asbestiform minerals, some of which are used to make whitewash or stucco. A sample of 7000 of the population revealed 461 (6.5%) with pleural thickening and calcification, of whom 103 (1.47% of the total) had evidence of interstitial pulmonary fibrosis. Forty-one patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to examine the direct medical costs and outcomes of patients with stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS The records of the patients admitted with ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke to the University of Trakya, School of Medicine, Department of Neurology were reviewed retrospectively in year 2007. Direct medical costs (total costs,(More)
Progressive myelopathy is a rare neurological complication of chronic liver disease with portal hypertension and there is no special diagnostic tool for hepatic myelopathy. Neuropathological studies of the patients with hepatic myelopathy have demonstrated demyelination of the lateral corticospinal tracts with various degree of axonal loss. Transcranial(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Primary pontine hemorrhage (PPH) accounts approximately for about 5-10% of intracranial hemorrhages, and PPHs are known to have a much less uniform prognosis. We aimed to evaluate the clinical and radiological predictors affecting the mortality in 32 patients with PPH. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively evaluated the data of 32(More)
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy. Many factors such as diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, hormonal replacement therapy, corticosteroid use, rheumatoid arthritis and wrist fractures may cause CTS. Metabolic syndrome includes abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, and hypertension that may cause CTS. In this(More)
OBJECTIVE In patients with large artery disease, determining the cerebral hemodynamic state and following its alterations may be a good marker for predicting long-term outcome. The aim of our study was to compare the changes in vasomotor reactivity (VMR) of patients with symptomatic intracranial and extracranial artery stenosis. We also examined whether VMR(More)
Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is rare and has a wide spectrum of symptoms, therefore it is difficult to diagnose. Thrombosis of the deep cerebral veins occurs very rarely: it has been reported that approximately 6% of patients with CVT have deep CVT, and the prognosis for patients with this condition is poor. CVT has been reported in association with(More)
BACKGROUND According to some reports, left hemidiaphragmatic paralysis due to phrenic nerve injury may occur following cardiac surgery. The purpose of this study was to document the effects on phrenic nerve injury of whole body hypothermia, use of ice-slush around the heart and mammary artery harvesting. METHODS Electrophysiology of phrenic nerves was(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes mellitus is an independent risk factor for poor prognosis in patients with ischemic stroke. It is known that diabetes mellitus directly affects cerebral vasculature as a secondary, long-term complication of cerebral circulation, and causes cerebral blood flow abnormalities. The abnormalities of cerebral autoregulation also poorly affects(More)