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In cells, stimulation of protein kinase C (PKC) results in the dephosphorylation of specific residues proximal to the DNA binding domain of c-Jun, a major component of the AP-1 transcription factor. Since phosphorylation of this region of c-Jun inhibits interaction with DNA, this pathway may contribute to PKC activation of AP-1. To determine the(More)
The Drosophila gene product Wingless (Wg) is a secreted glycoprotein and a member of the Wnt gene family. Genetic analysis of Drosophila epidermal development has defined a putative paracrine Wg signalling pathway involving the zeste-white 3/shaggy (zw3/sgg) gene product. Although putative components of Wg- (and by inference Wnt-) mediated signalling(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) reduced the mobility of human tau on SDS-PAGE, prevented binding of the monoclonal antibody (mAb), Tau.1, and induced binding of the mAb 8D8. Recombinant tau phosphorylated by GSK-3 aligned on SDS-PAGE with the abnormally phosphorylated tau (PHF-tau) associated with the paired helical filaments in Alzheimer's disease(More)
Study of GSK-3 had an inauspicious beginning rooted in intermediary metabolism. However, owing to the fortuitous convergence of several disparate areas of biology, the enzyme now offers unique opportunities for study of the control of a variety cellular processes. While at first sight a role in transcriptional regulation appears unlikely for a protein first(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is a protein serine kinase implicated in the cellular response to insulin. The enzyme is the mammalian homologue of the zeste-white3 (shaggy) homeotic gene of Drosophila melanogaster and has been implicated in the regulation of the c-Jun/AP-1 transcription factor. In mammals this protein serine kinase is encoded by two(More)
SUMMARY New species of Phytophthora such as Phytophthora ramorum, P. kernoviae and P. quercina together with P. citricola are plant pathogens which impact on forest health, natural ecosystem stability and international trade. A real-time multiplex PCR approach based on TaqMan PCR was developed to simultaneously identify and detect these four Phytophthora(More)
Extensive in vitro phosphorylation of a purified preparation of control human brain tau consistently produces four rather than, as previously believed, three tau species on SDS-PAGE. The species thus generated are shifted on SDS-PAGE to positions that match those of PHF-tau isolated from Alzheimer's disease brain. A mixture of recombinant human tau isoforms(More)
The L-myc protein migrates as three distinct differentially phosphorylated bands in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). This phosphorylation can be rapidly increased either by treatment with the protein kinase C (PKC) activator phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) or by inhibition of serine/threonine(More)
Phytophthora ramorum is a recently described pathogen causing oak mortality (sudden oak death) in forests in coastal areas of California and southern Oregon and dieback and leaf blight in a range of tree, shrub, and herbaceous species in the United States and Europe. Due to the threat posed by this organism, stringent quarantine regulations are in place,(More)