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AIMS Our aim was to assess the long-term prognostic value of growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) in patients post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Growth differentiation factor-15 is a member of the transforming growth factor beta family. Growth differentiation factor-15 is expressed in the myocardium and upregulated due to 'stress' and has been(More)
The GRACE (Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events) risk score has been shown to offer predictive power with regard to death and AMI (acute myocardial infarction) in patients with ACS (acute coronary syndromes). NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) has also been found to be useful in predicting mortality following ACS. In the present(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to determine whether growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) predicts mortality and morbidity after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Growth differentiation factor-15, a transforming growth factor-beta-related cytokine which is up-regulated in cardiomyocytes via multiple stress pathways, predicts mortality in patients(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the predictive value of MMP (matrix metalloproteinase)-2, MMP-3 and MMP-9 levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome for death, readmission with HF (heart failure) or recurrent MI (myocardial infarction) and to compare them with established markers, NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide)(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess the prognostic value of admission and discharge mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (sAM) levels in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI) and identify values to aid clinical decision making. N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and GRACE (Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events) score were used as(More)
During the semester break, 36 second-grade students accessed a set of resources and completed a series of online math activities focused on the application of the model method for arithmetic in two contexts 1) addition/subtraction and 2) multiplication/ division. The learning environment first modeled and then supported the use of a scripted series of steps(More)
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