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Corticomotor control of the human tongue has been reported to undergo neuroplastic changes following several days of training in a tongue-protrusion task. The aims of the present study were to determine if a 1 h tongue-task training is sufficient to induce signs of neuroplastic changes in the corticomotor pathways, and to obtain preliminary information on(More)
To determine if short-term (15 min) training in a novel tongue-task is associated with rapid neuroplasticity of the tongue primary motor area (MI) in the human cerebral cortex, and if intra-oral tonic pain affects the tongue MI neuroplasticity and tongue-task training performance. Nine healthy volunteers (7 men, 2 women, mean age 24+/-1.1 years)(More)
The present study examined the effect of peripheral administration of the excitatory amino acid (EAA) glutamate on the intensity of perceived pain and pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in healthy young women (n=17) and men (n=18). Two injections separated by 25 min of 0.2 ml, 1.0M glutamate into the masseter muscle produced significantly higher scores of pain(More)
Peripheral N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are found in deep tissues and may play a role in deep tissue pain. Injection of the endogenous NMDA receptor agonist glutamate into the masseter muscle excites deep craniofacial afferent fibers in rats and evokes pain in human subjects. It is not clear whether peripheral NMDA receptors play a role in these(More)
Tonic pain in one body segment can inhibit the perception of pain in another body segment. This phenomenon is mediated by diffuse noxious inhibitory controls (DNIC), and its efficacy in craniofacial regions is investigated in this study. A compressive device that evoked a tonic, moderate/severe, headache-like, conditioning pain (∼8/10 on a visual analogue(More)
AIMS To compare jaw-stretch reflex responses in male and female subjects and to determine whether injection of glutamate into the masseter muscle facilitates these responses in both sexes. METHODS Jaw-stretch reflex responses were evoked with a muscle stretcher, and pain intensity was scored by 11 men and 13 women before and after the injection of(More)
The modulation of human jaw-stretch reflexes by experimental muscle pain was studied in three experiments. Short-latency reflex responses were evoked in the masseter and temporalis muscles by fast stretches (1 mm displacement, 10 ms ramp time) before, during and 15 min after a period with tonic pain. In Expt. I, a dose of 5.8% hypertonic or 0.9% isotonic(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of jaw-muscle fatigue evoked by low-level tooth-clenching followed by the induction of experimental muscle pain by injection of glutamate on the perception of fatigue and pain and on the resting electromyographic (EMG) activity. In addition, the role of gender on these interactions was studied. The(More)
The present study aimed to investigate if (1) subcutaneous injection of glutamate induces pain, sensitization and vasomotor responses in humans and (2) if sex differences exist in these responses. Thirty healthy volunteers (men-15 and women-15) were included. Each subject received four subcutaneous injections (0.1ml; glutamate 100, 10, 1mM and isotonic(More)