Kelsey Vaughan

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UNLABELLED BACKGROUND As part of a comprehensive study on the primary health care system in Iraq, we sought to explore primary care providers' perspectives about the main problems influencing the provision of primary care services and opportunities to improve the system. METHODS A qualitative study based on four focus groups involving 40 primary care(More)
BACKGROUND Performance-based financing is increasingly being applied in a variety of contexts, with the expectation that it can improve the performance of health systems. However, while there is a growing literature on implementation issues and effects on outputs, there has been relatively little focus on interactions between PBF and health systems and how(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the cost-effectiveness of community-based practitioner programmes in Ethiopia, Indonesia and Kenya. METHODS Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios for the three programmes were estimated from a government perspective. Cost data were collected for 2012. Life years gained were estimated based on coverage of reproductive, maternal,(More)
OBJECTIVE This study sought to synthesize and critically review evidence on costs and cost-effectiveness of community health worker (CHW) programmes in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) to inform policy dialogue around their role in health systems. METHODS From a larger systematic review on effectiveness and factors influencing performance of(More)
BACKGROUND A key aspect of monitoring and evaluating health programs is ensuring that benefits are reaching their target population. We conducted a benefit incidence analysis (BIA) of a Shell-sponsored community health insurance scheme in Nigeria to determine the extent to which the target group (the poor) was benefitting. METHODS We examined a sample of(More)
OBJECTIVES To measure the effect of changing the point-of-care (POC) testing algorithm of urogenital chlamydia for all male high-risk patients to those with only symptoms with respect to: diagnostic accuracy, loss to follow-up, correctly managed consultations and costs. METHODS Retrospective comparison of the diagnostic accuracy and cost-effectiveness of(More)
OBJECTIVE Point-of-care (POC) management may avert ongoing transmissions occurring between testing and treatment or due to loss to follow-up. We modelled the impact of POC management of anogenital gonorrhoea (with light microscopic evaluation of Gram stained smears) among men who have sex with men (MSM) on gonorrhoea prevalence and testing and treatment(More)
In August, 1995 dental treatment was provided in an orphanage in Romania. This treatment took place over three weeks using three different dentists. Two dental nurses served for full the duration. For the last two weeks the team was joined by a dental health educator. All have given accounts of their time in Romania. The patients had various degrees of(More)