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OBJECTIVE To determine the ideal angle for insertion of laparoscopic instruments at Palmer's point. STUDY DESIGN Abdominal magnetic resonance images were reviewed for 75 women between ages 18 and 50 years old. The distance from the skin to the retroperitoneal structures were determined perpendicular to the spine and angled 45 degrees caudally. RESULTS(More)
During a cadaver dissection in a gross anatomy course, a flexor digitorum accessorius longus (FDAL) muscle was identified. The FDAL was a unilateral, two-headed, multipennate muscle originating from the flexor retinaculum, deep fascia, and calcaneus. The muscle bodies fused into one tendon and coursed distally where slips were observed inserting into the(More)
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