Kelsey A. White

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Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV), a positive-strand RNA virus, causes extensive inward vesiculations of the peroxisomal boundary membrane and formation of peroxisomal multivesicular bodies (pMVBs). Although pMVBs are known to contain protein components of the viral membrane-bound RNA replication complex, the mechanisms of protein targeting to peroxisomal(More)
The plus-sense RNA genome of turnip crinkle virus (TCV) encodes at its 5' end a 28-kDa protein of unspecified function. Readthrough suppression of the p28 stop codon allows for the production of an 88-kDa product which is required for genome replication. Immunological analysis of the expression of p28 and p88 demonstrated that: (i) the genome directs the(More)
Replication represents a key step in the infectious cycles of RNA viruses. Here we describe a regulatory RNA element, termed replication silencer, that can down-regulate complementary RNA synthesis of a positive-strand RNA virus via an RNA-RNA interaction. This interaction occurs between the 5-nucleotide-long, internally positioned replication silencer and(More)
The tombusviruses are among the most extensively studied messenger-sensed RNA plant viruses. Over the past decade, there have been numerous important advances in our understanding of the molecular biology of members in this genus. Unlike most other RNA viruses, the synthesis of tombusvirus proteins has been found to involve an atypical translational(More)
Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) is the prototypical member of the genus Tombusvirus in the family Tombusviridae. The (+)-strand RNA genome of TBSV lacks both a 5' cap and a 3' poly(A) tail and instead contains a 3'-terminal RNA sequence that acts as a cap-independent translational enhancer (3' CITE). In this study, we have determined the RNA secondary(More)
The mechanism of template selection for genome replication in plus-strand RNA viruses is poorly understood. Using the prototypical tombusvirus, Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV), we show that recombinant p33 replicase protein binds specifically to an internal replication element (IRE) located within the p92 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase coding region of the(More)
We used a protoplast system to study the mechanisms involved in the generation and evolution of defective interfering (DI) RNAs of tomato bushy stunt tombusvirus (TBSV). Synthetic transcripts corresponding to different naturally occurring TBSV DI RNAs, or to various artificially constructed TBSV defective RNAs, were analyzed. The relative levels of(More)
Tombusviridae is a large positive-strand RNA virus family. Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV), the type virus of this family, has a genome ending with AGCCC(-OH), termed the 3'-complementary silencer sequence (3'CSS). The 3'CSS is able to base pair with a complementary internally-located sequence, 5'GGGCU, called the replication silencer element (RSE). In(More)
Defective interfering (DI) RNAs of Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV), a plus-sense RNA virus, comprise four conserved noncontiguous regions (I through IV) derived from the viral genome. Region III, a 70-nucleotide-long sequence corresponding to a genomic segment located 378 nucleotides upstream of the 3' terminus of the genome, has been found to enhance DI(More)
The plus-strand RNA genome of tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) contains a 351-nucleotide (nt)-long 3'-untranslated region. We investigated the role of the 3'-proximal 130 nt of this sequence in viral RNA accumulation within the context of a TBSV defective interfering (DI) RNA. Sequence comparisons between different tombusviruses revealed that the 3' portion(More)