Kelly S Keefe

Learn More
PURPOSE To determine intraocular toxicity and efficacy of the lipid prodrug of foscarnet, 1-O-octadecyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphonoformate (ODG-PFA), as a long-acting, nontoxic intravitreous injectable drug delivery system for cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis. METHODS ODG-PFA was synthesized by coupling the phosphonate residue of PFA to the 3 hydroxyl of(More)
PURPOSE To determine the efficacy of prinomastat (AG3340), a synthetic inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase, in the treatment of experimental proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) induced by intravitreal dispase injection. METHODS One eye each of 53 New Zealand white rabbits was injected in the vitreous cavity with 0.07 unit of dispase to induce PVR. One(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the intraocular safety and antiviral treatment efficacy of the sustained lipid prodrug of ganciclovir, 1-O-hexadecylpropanediol-3-phospho-ganciclovir (HDP-P-GCV), as an intravitreal injectable drug system for viral retinitis. METHODS HDP-P-GCV was synthesized by coupling 1-O-hexadecyl-propanediol-3-phosphate to either free hydroxyl of(More)
The conflict in the Middle East has led to an increase in the incidence and severity of facial trauma evaluated at tertiary military medical facilities. The Naval Medical Center San Diego, San Diego, Calif, has treated 5 patients with penetrating injuries to the orbit with associated comminuted fractures. We have used the technology of image-guided surgery(More)
PURPOSE To analyze a phenomenon seen in patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) with cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis undergoing systemic antiviral treatment: a persistent white border opacification on the edge of healed CMV retinitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS The authors prospectively evaluated a population of 137 patients with AIDS and CMV(More)
Varicella zoster virus retinitis in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is known to be a devastating disease. We studied a series of six consecutive patients that sheds new light on the clinical manifestations and treatment options of this disorder. All patients had episodes of cutaneous zoster, long-term exposure to oral acyclovir, and(More)
To determine the ocular pharmacokinetics, physiological and histological effects of prinomastat (a matrix metalloprotease inhibitor), a total of seventy-seven eyes of New Zealand White rabbits received intravitreous and subtenon injections of prinomastat or of acidified water vehicle as control, Doses of 0.5 mg in 0.05 mL of prinomastat or acidified water(More)
Intravitreal cidofovir has been shown to be a long acting and highly efficacious treatment for CMV retinitis; however decrease in IOP is an adverse effect. We wanted to determine the effect of cidofovir on intraocular pressure (IOP) in the guinea pig, and rabbit eye to develop an animal model of cidofovir induced ocular hypotony and to study the(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the anterior segment effects of cidofovir, using an animal model. METHODS Cidofovir drops, at concentrations of 0.04%, 0.4% and 4%, were instilled in eyes of guinea pigs once daily for 10 days. Fellow eyes (controls) received normal saline. The corneal epithelium was debrided at day one and then at every other day for 10 days.(More)