Kelly N Evans

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The triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and resultant airway obstruction is known as Robin sequence (RS). Although RS is a well-recognized clinical entity, there is wide variability in the diagnosis and care of children born with RS. Systematic evaluations of treatments and clinical outcomes for children with RS are lacking despite the advances in clinical(More)
Bathrocephaly, a deformity of the posterior skull with bulging of the midportion of the occipital bone, is often associated with a benign variant of the mendosal suture ( Mulliken and Le, 2008 ). The endochondral and membranous portions of the occipital bone converge at the mendosal suture, which normally closes during fetal life or early infancy. When it(More)
BACKGROUND Craniofacial microsomia is one of the most common conditions treated by craniofacial teams. However, research regarding the cause of this condition or the surgical outcomes of treatment is scant. This is attributable to the lack of diagnostic criteria and the wide phenotypic spectrum. Standardized description of the craniofacial malformations(More)
IMPORTANCE Robin sequence (RS) is a congenital condition characterized by micrognathia, glossoptosis, and upper airway obstruction. Currently, no consensus exists regarding the diagnosis and evaluation of children with RS. An international, multidisciplinary consensus group was formed to begin to overcome this limitation. OBJECTIVE To report a(More)
Frontonasal Dysplasia (FND) and Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS) are two well-recognized clinical entities. With features of both FND and OAVS, the term oculoauriculofrontonasal syndrome (OAFNS) was coined in 1981. The OAFNS phenotype combines elements of abnormal morphogenesis of the frontonasal and maxillary process (derived from forebrain neural(More)
Emergency departments (EDs) in the UK are under increasing pressure, partly because people use them inappropriately for non-urgent conditions. As part of NHS Wales Choose Well campaign, Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board, based in Bangor, Gwynedd, commissioned research into public perceptions of EDs and alternative urgent care services. This article(More)
IMPORTANCE Airway management in infants with Robin sequence is challenging. Objective upper airway measures associated with severe airway compromise requiring tracheotomy are needed to guide decision making. OBJECTIVES To define objective upper airway measures in infants with Robin sequence from craniofacial computed tomography (CT) and to identify those(More)
The clinical presentation of microtia varies widely from minimal morphological abnormalities to complete absence of the ear. In this study we sought to identify and characterize sub-groups of microtia using a statistical and a clinical approach. Photographs of 86 ears were classified in relation to all the external ear components. We used cluster analysis(More)
BACKGROUND Craniofacial microsomia is a common congenital condition for which children receive longitudinal, multidisciplinary team care. However, little is known about the etiology of craniofacial microsomia and few outcome studies have been published. In order to facilitate large, multicenter studies in craniofacial microsomia, we assessed the reliability(More)
OBJECTIVE   Quantitative measures of facial form to evaluate treatment outcomes for cleft lip (CL) are currently limited. Computer-based analysis of three-dimensional (3D) images provides an opportunity for efficient and objective analysis. The purpose of this study was to define a computer-based standard of identifying the 3D midfacial reference plane of(More)