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The studies reported here used an interference paradigm to determine whether a long-term consolidation process (i.e., one lasting from several hours to days) occurs in the learning of two implicit motor skills, learning of a movement sequence and learning of a visuo-motor mapping. Subjects learned one skill and were tested on that skill 48 h later. Between(More)
Prism adaptation (PA) has been shown to affect performance on a variety of spatial tasks in healthy individuals and neglect patients. However, little is still known about the mechanisms through which PA affects spatial cognition. In the present study we tested the effect of PA on the perceptual-attentional "where" and motor-intentional "aiming" spatial(More)
Representation of sequential structure can occur with respect to the order of perceptual events or the order in which actions are linked. Neural correlates of sequence retrieval associated with the order of motor responses were identified in a variant of the serial reaction time task in which training occurred with a spatially incompatible mapping between(More)
Proposals that adaptation with left-shifting prisms induces neglect-like symptoms in normal individuals rely on a dissociation between the postadaptation performance of individuals trained with left- versus right-shifting prisms (e.g., Colent, Pisella, & Rossetti, 2000). A potential problem with this evidence is that normal young adults have an a priori(More)
Spatial neglect increases hospital morbidity and costs in around 50% of the 795,000 people per year in the USA who survive stroke, and an urgent need exists to reduce the care burden of this condition. However, effective acute treatment for neglect has been elusive. In this article, we review 48 studies of a treatment of intense neuroscience interest: prism(More)
UNLABELLED Background Spatial neglect is a debilitating disorder for which there is no agreed on course of rehabilitation. The lack of consensus on treatment may result from systematic differences in the syndrome's characteristics, with spatial cognitive deficits potentially affecting perceptual-attentional "Where" or motor-intentional "Aiming" spatial(More)
Several experiments on human causal reasoning have demonstrated "discounting"--that the presence of a strong alternative cause may decrease the perceived efficacy of a moderate target cause. Some, but not all, of these effects have been shown to be attributable to subjects' use of conditional rather than unconditional contingencies (i.e., subjects control(More)
Prism adaptation may alleviate some symptoms of spatial neglect. However, the mechanism through which this technique works is still unclear. This study investigated whether prism adaptation differentially affects dysfunction in perceptual-attentional 'where' bias versus motor-intentional 'aiming' bias. Five neglect patients performed a line bisection task(More)
Spatial neglect is a debilitating poststroke neurocognitive disorder associated with prolonged hospitalization and poor rehabilitation outcomes. The literature suggests a high prevalence of this disorder, but clinicians have difficulty reliably identifying affected survivors. This discrepancy may result from suboptimal use of validated neglect assessment(More)
Our goal was to determine whether the extent of off-line performance improvements on a visuomotor task depends on the amount of practice individuals experience prior to a 24-h between-session break. Subjects completed ten trials of a mirror-tracing task over two days. On Day 1, subjects experienced either one, three or seven trials. Twenty-four hours later(More)