Kelly M England

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Lysophosphatidylcholines (lyso-PCs), generated during blood storage, are etiologic in a two-insult, sepsis-based model of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). Individually, endotoxin (LPS) and lyso-PCs prime but do not activate neutrophils (PMNs). We hypothesized that priming of PMNs alters their reactivity such that a second priming agent causes(More)
Patients with sepsis and acute lung injury have increased interleukin (IL)-18 levels systemically. We hypothesize that IL-18 stimulates neutrophils (PMNs) at physiologic concentrations. IL-18 primed the oxidase at 15 min (10-100 ng/ml), 30 min (0.1-100 ng/ml), and 60 min (100 ng/ml; P<0.05) and caused translocation of p47(phox) to the membrane similar to(More)
A mixture of lysophosphatidylcholines (lyso-PCs) are generated during blood storage and are etiologic in models of acute lung injury. We hypothesize that lyso-PCs stimulate polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) through Ca(2)(+)-dependent signaling. The lyso-PC mix (0.45-14.5 micro M) and the individual lyso-PCs primed formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP) activation of(More)
Transfusion of autologous blood is associated with fewer complications, although all untoward events of transfusion may not be negated with this strategy. We report a case of acute pulmonary insufficiency and hypotension following transfusion of autologous packed red blood cells (PRBCs) in a patient, who was undergoing major surgery. Anti-HLA class-I and(More)
Secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)) produces lipids that stimulate polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs). With the discovery of sPLA(2) receptors (sPLA(2)-R), we hypothesize that sPLA(2) stimulates PMNs through a receptor. Scatchard analysis was used to determine the presence of a sPLA(2) ligand. Lysates were probed with an antibody to the M-type(More)
Sixty two patients were randomised to be seen by osteopathic physicians for palpation of the thoracic paravertebral soft tissue, T1-T8. Twenty five patients had clinically confirmed acute myocardial infarction. Of the remainder, 22 without known cardiovascular disease served as controls and 15 were placed in an excluded group because of diagnosed(More)
Receptor signaling is integral for adhesion, emigration, phagocytosis, and reactive oxygen species production in polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs). Priming is an important part of PMN emigration, but it can also lead to PMN-mediated organ injury in the host. Platelet-activating factor (PAF) primes PMNs through activation of a specific G protein-coupled(More)
Neutrophils (PMNs) are a vital part of host defense and are the principal leukocyte in innate immunity. Interleukin (IL)-18 is a proinflammatory cytokine with roles in both innate and adaptive immunity. We hypothesize that PMNs contain preformed IL-18, which is released in response to specific inflammatory stimuli. Isolated PMNs were stimulated with a(More)
BACKGROUND Although transfusion is a lifesaving intervention, it may be associated with significant morbidity in injured patients. We hypothesize that stored red blood cells (RBCs) induce proinflammatory activation of human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HMVECs) resulting in neutrophil (PMN) adhesion and predisposition to acute lung injury(More)
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