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Abstract-Gait modification is a nonsurgical approach for reducing the external knee adduction torque in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The magnitude of the first adduction torque peak in particular is strongly associated with knee OA progression. While toeing out has been shown to reduce the second peak, no clinically realistic gait modifications(More)
BACKGROUND Ankle foot orthoses are used to stabilize the ankle joint and aid toe clearance during stepping in persons after incomplete spinal cord injury. However, little is known about kinematics and kinetics of stepping with an orthosis during the transition from stance-to-swing and swing-to-stance. We intended to examine if an ankle foot orthosis impeded(More)
Gait modifications such as toeing out have been shown to reduce the second but not the first peak of external knee adduction torque curve. However, the magnitude of the first peak is most closely associated with osteoarthritis (OA) progression. This study uses dynamic optimization of a patient-specific full-body skeletal model to predict novel(More)
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