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The synthetic peptides DP-107 and DP-178 (T-20), derived from separate domains within the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transmembrane (TM) protein, gp4l, are stable and potent inhibitors of HIV-1 infection and fusion. Using a computer searching strategy (computerized antiviral searching technology, C.A.S.T.) based on the predicted secondary(More)
Two synthetic peptides corresponding to sequences in HIV-1LAI gp41, (aa558-595) and T20 (aa 643-678), are strong inhibitors of HIV-1 viral fusion, having EC50 values of 1 microgram/mL and 1 ng/mL, respectively. Previous work suggested that T21 forms a coiled-coil structure in PBS solution, while T20 is primarily nonhelical, and that the inhibitory action of(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha), a potential regulator of HIV-1 replication, is involved in the progression of AIDS and associated disorders such as muscle wasting, fever and gastrointestinal problems. HIV-seropositive patients were assigned to receive zidovudine (ZDV; 100 mg 4-5 times/d) alone (n = 14), pentoxifylline (PTX; 400 mg every 8 h), a(More)
Three-dimensional collagen gel contraction is the standard assay utilized for functionally quantifying a variety of cell types, in particular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and myofibroblasts. Here, we have developed a method to effectively reduce the three-dimensional parameters of the standard collagen gel into a single, linear measurement. Cell/collagen(More)
Adipose tissue contains a heterogeneous cell population composed of endothelial cells, adipocytes, smooth muscle cells (SMC), and mesenchymal progenitors and stromal cells that meet the criteria put forth by the International Society for Cellular Therapy as defining mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). In this study, we expanded the stromal vascular fraction (SVF)(More)
Established chronic kidney disease (CKD) may be identified by severely impaired renal filtration that ultimately leads to the need for dialysis or kidney transplant. Dialysis addresses only some of the sequelae of CKD, and a significant gap persists between patients needing transplant and available organs, providing impetus for development of new CKD(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem; the growing gap between the number of patients awaiting transplant and organs actually transplanted highlights the need for new treatments to restore renal function. Regenerative medicine is a promising approach from which treatments for organ-level disorders (e.g., neurogenic bladder) have emerged(More)
Myocardin (MYOCD) is a smooth and cardiac muscle-specific transcriptional coactivator that is required for the proper expression of contraction-related genes. Through its function to transactivate effector genes, MYOCD plays an essential role in mediating the switch between contractile and non-contractile phenotypes, particularly in smooth muscle cells(More)
Urinary pathology requiring urinary diversion, partial or full bladder replacement, is a significant clinical problem affecting ~14,000 individuals annually in the United States alone. The use of gastrointestinal tissue for urinary diversion or bladder reconstruction/replacement surgeries is frequently associated with complications. To try and alleviate or(More)
Bladder tissue has been regenerated in humans with neurogenic bladder using an implant produced from autologous urothelial (UC) and smooth muscle cells (SMC) expanded from bladder biopsies seeded onto a biodegradable synthetic scaffold. As the majority of bladder cancers are urothelial carcinomas (aka, transitional cell carcinoma), this 2-cell type(More)