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We examined gender differences and differences in Computer Science (CS) majors vs. non-majors in ability in quantitative areas, educational goals and interests, experience with computers, stereotypes and knowledge about CS, confidence, personality, support and encouragement, stress and financial issues, gender discrimination, and attitudes toward the(More)
Detection frequency of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and Epstein Barr virus (EBV) DNA in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and controls was investigated. DNA of peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes (PBL) was isolated and amplified by polymerase chain reaction techniques. EBV DNA was detected in all patients and controls. HHV-6 DNA was detected in 7% of MS(More)
BACKGROUND International travelers were at risk of acquiring influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 (H1N1pdm09) virus infection during travel and importing the virus to their home or other countries. METHODS Characteristics of travelers reported to the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network who carried H1N1pdm09 influenza virus across international borders into a receiving(More)
The presence of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) transcription during in vivo latent infection was investigated by in situ hybridization. Latent infection of mouse dorsal root ganglion was investigated with the BamHI p fragment of HSV-2, which resulted in evidence of ganglion hybridization, and other fragments representing approximately 40% of the(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a common neurotropic virus, and latent infection of sensory ganglion neurons readily occurs in humans and in experimentally infected animals. During HSV latency, infectious virus and viral antigen are not detected, and HSV transcription is limited to specific RNA termed latency-associated transcript (LAT). In the present study,(More)
The presence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) latency-associated transcript (LAT) was investigated in sensory ganglion neurons of mice after inoculation with thymidine kinase (TK) mutants of HSV. Ganglion serial sections were examined in order to quantitate numbers of LAT-positive neurons. After inoculation with TK-positive HSV, virus was isolated during(More)
Dorsal root ganglion neurons, which express herpes simplex virus (HSV) latency-associated transcript (LAT) during experimental latent infection, were investigated by in situ hybridization. The number of LAT-positive neurons was determined by examination of ganglion serial sections. In other latently infected mice, the number of ganglion neurons that(More)
Infection by standard thymidine kinase-positive (TK+) and TK- mutant herpes simplex virus (HSV) was performed in order to evaluate the role of HSV TK expression in neurovirulence and in HSV latency. In newborn mice, mortality and trigeminal ganglion (TG) HSV titer correlated (both were high) for TK+ and TK- HSV. In adult mice after TK- HSV infection they(More)
Section of the sciatic nerve during the period of herpes simplex virus (HSV) latent infection was performed to evaluate residual latency in mouse dorsal root ganglion. In control mice without sciatic neurectomy, latency was present in 90-100%, while in those which underwent a neurectomy procedure, latent infection was surprisingly decreased to 28-50%. To(More)
The nature of the host's immune response to isografts of hamster embryo fibroblasts (HEF) transformed by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) was investigated by the microcytotoxicity assay. It was found that spleen cells from tumor-bearing hamsters killed homologous tumor cells but not HEF transformed by cytomegalovirus or PARA-(defective SV40)-adenovirus 7(More)