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We examined gender differences and differences in Computer Science (CS) majors vs. non-majors in ability in quantitative areas, educational goals and interests, experience with computers, stereotypes and knowledge about CS, confidence, personality, support and encouragement, stress and financial issues, gender discrimination, and attitudes toward the(More)
Detection frequency of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and Epstein Barr virus (EBV) DNA in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and controls was investigated. DNA of peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes (PBL) was isolated and amplified by polymerase chain reaction techniques. EBV DNA was detected in all patients and controls. HHV-6 DNA was detected in 7% of MS(More)
The presence of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) transcription during in vivo latent infection was investigated by in situ hybridization. Latent infection of mouse dorsal root ganglion was investigated with the BamHI p fragment of HSV-2, which resulted in evidence of ganglion hybridization, and other fragments representing approximately 40% of the(More)
Membrane proteins pose problems for the application of NMR-based ligand-screening methods because of the need to maintain the proteins in a membrane mimetic environment such as detergent micelles: they add to the molecular weight of the protein, increase the viscosity of the solution, interact with ligands non-specifically, overlap with protein signals,(More)
Six patients with relapsing chronic progressive multiple sclerosis were treated on 2 consecutive days with large amounts of IgG to induce immunosuppression. Peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were monitored for 5 weeks after IgG treatment to determine immunosuppression. Decreased numbers of B, T, and natural killer lymphocytes were detected after(More)
The presence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) latency-associated transcript (LAT) was investigated in sensory ganglion neurons of mice after inoculation with thymidine kinase (TK) mutants of HSV. Ganglion serial sections were examined in order to quantitate numbers of LAT-positive neurons. After inoculation with TK-positive HSV, virus was isolated during(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) mutants defective for thymidine kinase expression (TK-) have been reported to establish latent infection of sensory ganglia of mice, in that HSV latency-associated transcript is expressed, but to be defective for reactivation. In the present study, the mechanism of defective reactivation by TK- HSV was investigated. Latent(More)
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) thymidine kinase (TK) has been demonstrated to be important for reactivation from latency. Specifically, HSV latency-associated transcripts (LAT) are expressed during latent infection established by TK-negative (TK-) HSV mutants, but reactivation is minimal. TK- HSV, however, readily reactivated in the presence of exogenous(More)
Infection by standard thymidine kinase-positive (TK+) and TK- mutant herpes simplex virus (HSV) was performed in order to evaluate the role of HSV TK expression in neurovirulence and in HSV latency. In newborn mice, mortality and trigeminal ganglion (TG) HSV titer correlated (both were high) for TK+ and TK- HSV. In adult mice after TK- HSV infection they(More)