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A series of seven peptidyl trifluoromethyl ketone (TFK) inhibitors of chymotrypsin have been prepared which differ at the P1 and P2 subsites. Inhibition equilibria and kinetics of association and dissociation with chymotrypsin have been measured. The association rate of Ac-Phe-CF3 was measured at enzyme concentrations between 8 nM and 117 microM in order to(More)
Breast cancer metastases develop in the bone more frequently than any other site and are a common cause of morbidity in the form of bone pain, pathological fractures, nerve compression and life-threatening hypercalcemia. Despite ongoing research efforts, the molecular and cellular mechanisms that regulate breast cancer cell homing to and colonization of the(More)
Approximately 30% of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) develop bone metastasis, which is characterized by extensive osteolysis leading to severe bone pain and pathologic fracture. Although the mechanism of RCC-induced osteolysis is unknown, studies of bone metastasis have shown that tumor-induced changes in bone remodeling are likely mediated by(More)
Brain metastasis is the most commonly occurring intracranial tumor whose incidence seems to be increasing. With standard therapy, the average survival time of patients is approximately 8 months, and treatment often leads to neurologic dysfunction in long-term survivors, emphasizing the need for novel therapeutics. Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin (CPE)(More)
UNLABELLED Bone metastases develop in approximately 30% of patients with RCC, and the mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon are unknown. We found that TGF-beta1 stimulation of RCC bone metastasis cells promotes tumor growth and bone destruction possibly by stimulating paracrine interactions between tumor cells and the bone. INTRODUCTION Bone(More)
IgE switching requires the prior induction of C epsilon germline transcripts which is mediated by the concerted binding of STAT-6 and NF kappa B to the C epsilon promoter. These transcription factors are regulated by IL-4 and CD40, respectively. However the latter can effect other signaling pathways and the present study explores the role of p38 MAPK in(More)
The effects of pH on the kinetics of association and dissociation of chymotrypsin and the dipeptidyl trifluoromethyl ketone (TFK) N-acetyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanyltrifluoromethane (1) were examined through the pH range 4-9.5. The pH dependence of the association rate (kon) is similar to that of kcat/Km for ester and peptide substrates and is dependent on two(More)
The peptidyl trifluoromethyl ketones Ac-Phe-CF3 (1) and Ac-Leu-Phe-CF3 (2) are inhibitors of chymotrypsin. They differ in Ki (20 and 2 microM, respectively) as well as in their kinetics of association with chymotrypsin in that 1 is rapidly equilibrating, with an association rate too fast to be observed by steady-state techniques, while 2 is "slow binding",(More)
The process of IgE switching requires the prior transcription of the unrearranged Cepsilon gene, which leads to its recombination with the VDJ region. The activation of NF-kappaB by CD40 is a key process in facilitating this transcription by promoting the activation of the Cepsilon promoter. The present study explores the uncharacterized signalling pathways(More)
BACKGROUND Type 2 T-helper cells (Th2) are involved in the regulation of the humoral immune response against antigens and allergens and directly affect which isotype will be produced. The mechanism that regulates antigen-specific IgE secretion and immune deviation is still not known. OBJECTIVES To delineate mechanisms behind antigen-specific IgE secretion(More)
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