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Morning and afternoon salivary substance P and cortisol levels were measured in 26 adults with chronic self-injurious behavior (SIB) and severe developmental disabilities and compared with matched controls without SIB. Chronic SIB was associated with an altered diurnal pattern of salivary substance P relative to matched controls, characterized primarily by(More)
Hierarchical linear modeling was used to describe longitudinal relations between maternal sensitivity and depressive symptomatology for mothers of children with differing attachment classifications at 36 months of child age using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care. Attachment during toddlerhood was assessed using a modified Strange Situation(More)
BACKGROUND Secretin is a peptide hormone that stimulates pancreatic secretion. After recent publicity about a child with autism whose condition markedly improved after a single dose of secretin, thousands of children with autistic disorders may have received secretin injections. METHODS We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of a single(More)
We examined variations in maternal sensitivity at 6 months of child age as a function of child negativity and maternal physiology. We expected maternal vagal withdrawal in response to infant negative affect to facilitate the maintenance of sensitivity, but only for mothers of securely attached children. One hundred and forty-eight infant-mother dyads were(More)
The long terminal repeats of maedi visna virus strain 1514 contain a consensus AP-1 binding site which has been shown to be important in controlling virus transcription. However, this consensus site is absent in strain EV-1. Here, we have compared the ability of oligonucleotides corresponding to LTR sequences from EV-1 with those from 1514 to bind(More)
Diversity in the LTR of maedi-visna virus strain EV1 has been examined by PCR-based gene amplification using DNA from infected cells both in vitro and in experimentally infected animals. In vitro, several variant structures were found in the U3 regions of the LTR which contained repeats of sequences including presumed AP-1 and AP-4 binding sites. Although(More)
Accumulated evidence shows that biology and the environment can mediate self-injurious behavior (SIB) in persons with mental retardation. Whether pharmacological treatment alters the environmental mediation of self-injury is unclear. Opioid antagonist effects on sequential dependencies for self-injury were studied in the context of experimental(More)
In this study, the sensory status of 4 nonverbal adults with mental retardation and severe self-injury was examined using skin temperature measures prior to opiate antagonist treatment. Double-blind, placebo-controlled, experimental ABAB designs were used to evaluate the effects of naltrexone hydrochloride (1.5 mg/kg/day). For each participant, the body(More)
Number of episodes of injury and personal characteristics of 412 individuals living in a state-operated ICF/MR during 1994 were examined. Results indicated that 16% of the facility population experienced 67% of the injuries. Discriminant functions were created using chlorpromazine equivalent level combined with maladaptive behavior, medical, and adaptive(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined the relationship between the type of incentivized wellness program and employee weight loss and the effects of participant income. METHODS We retrospectively examined employees who participated in one of six weight loss wellness programs, which were categorized for the present analysis: reweigh/body mass index, Coaching, and Weight(More)
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