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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the aggregation and deposition of the normally soluble amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide in the extracellular spaces of the brain as parenchymal plaques and in the walls of cerebral vessels as cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). CAA is a common cause of brain hemorrhage and is found in most patients with AD. As in AD,(More)
Neuritic plaques are a defining feature of Alzheimer disease (AD) pathology. These structures are composed of extracellular accumulations of amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) and other plaque-associated proteins, surrounded by large, swollen axons and dendrites (dystrophic neurites) and activated glia. Dystrophic neurites are thought to disrupt neuronal(More)
The human mirror neuron system (hMNS) has been associated with various forms of social cognition and affective processing including vicarious experience. It has also been proposed that a faulty hMNS may underlie some of the deficits seen in the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). In the present study we set out to investigate whether emotional facial(More)
Neuritic plaques are one of the stereotypical hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. These structures are composed of extracellular accumulations of fibrillar forms of the amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta), a variety of other plaque-associated proteins, activated glial cells, and degenerating nerve processes. To study the neuritic toxicity of different(More)
Bacteria were isolated from 153 (47.5%) swabs of the appendix fossa in 322 patients undergoing appendicectomy. The commonest organism was Bacteroides species found in 78% of specimens. Other Gram-negative bacilli such as Klebsiella, or Enterobacter, and Esch. coli were present in 29 and 27% respectively. Gram-positive cocci were less frequently isolated.A(More)
OBJECTIVES According to the mutant selection window (MSW) hypothesis, resistant mutants are selected or enriched at antibiotic concentrations above the MIC but below the mutant prevention concentration (MPC). To test this hypothesis, Streptococcus pneumoniae ATCC 49619 (MIC 0.1 mg/L; MPC 0.5 mg/L) was exposed to moxifloxacin concentrations below the MIC,(More)
Neuritic plaques are one of the defining neuropathological features of Alzheimer's disease (AD). These structures are composed of a buildup of fibrils of the amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide (amyloid) surrounded by activated glial cells and degenerating nerve processes (dystrophic neurites). To study neuritic plaques and possible abnormalities associated with(More)
Bacterial counts were carried out on the faeces of 160 patients receiving clindamycin or lincomycin treatment for bacterial infections. In all the patients the total bacteroides count was significantly reduced while strains of Enterobacteriaciae, yeasts, and streptococci were correspondingly increased. Severe diarrhoea developed in 25 (16%) patients, but(More)