Kelly A. Bidle

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Caspase-like proteases are key initiators and executioners of programmed cell death (PCD), which is initiated by environmental stimuli and manifests in organisms ranging from unicellular microbes to higher eukaryotes. Archaea had been absent from the caspase inheritance discussion due to a lack of gene homologues. We recently demonstrated extremely high,(More)
Extreme halophiles belonging to the domain Archaea require a minimum of ~10% NaCl for growth. Many of these obligate halophiles will continue to grow even as NaCl concentrations approach saturation. The haloarchaeon Haloferax volcanii is a model organism in which to study the effects of changes in medium salinity on gene expression, as this organism grows(More)
The moderately halophilic archaeon Haloferax volcanii was surveyed for protein profile changes correlated with growth at high and low salinity. A single polypeptide with an approximate mass of 46 kDa was conspicuously more abundant during growth at high salinity. This protein was identified as HMG-CoA reductase (HMGR), encoded by the hmgR gene. HMGR is a(More)
A proteomic survey of the halophilic archaeon Haloferax volcanii was performed by comparative two-dimensional gel electrophoresis in order to determine the molecular effects of salt stress on the organism. Cells were grown under optimal (2.1 M) and high (3.5 M) NaCl conditions. From this analysis, over 44 protein spots responsive to these conditions were(More)
Two hydroxyethylamine chroman derivatives, ammonificins A (1) and B (2), were isolated from the marine hydrothermal vent bacterium Thermovibrio ammonificans. The molecular structures of these compounds were determined using a combination of NMR, mass spectrometry, and CD analyses. Biological activities were determined using an antimicrobial assay and the(More)
An enigmatic feature of microbial evolution is the emergence of programmed cell death (PCD), a genetically controlled form of cell suicide triggered by environmental stimuli. Archaea, the second major prokaryotic domain of life, have been notably absent from the PCD inheritance discussion, due to a lack of genetic homologues. Using the model haloarchaeon(More)
Circadian rhythms are important biological signals that have been found in almost all major groups of life from bacteria to man, yet it remains unclear if any members of the second major prokaryotic domain of life, the Archaea, also possess a biological clock. As an initial investigation of this question, we examined the regulation of four(More)
Microbial populations within hypersaline lakes often exhibit high activities of photosynthesis, dissimilatory sulphate reduction and other processes and, thus, can have profound impacts on biogeochemical cycles of carbon, nitrogen, sulphur and other important elements within arid lands. To further understand these types of ecosystems, the physicochemical(More)
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