Kellie D Tinworth

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OBJECTIVE To determine pharmacokinetics and plasma steady-state kinetics of metformin after oral or nasogastric administration in insulin-resistant (IR) ponies. ANIMALS 8 IR ponies. PROCEDURES Metformin (30 mg/kg) was administered to 8 ponies via nasogastric tube Blood samples were collected at intervals for 24 hours. Plasma concentrations of metformin(More)
Metformin may be an effective therapeutic option for insulin-resistant (I-R) horses/ponies because, in humans, it reportedly enhances insulin sensitivity (SI) of peripheral tissues without stimulating insulin secretion. To determine the effect of metformin on insulin and glucose dynamics in I-R ponies, six ponies were studied in a cross-over design by(More)
Cell therapies have been used to regenerate the heart by direct myocardial delivery, by coronary infusion and by surface attached scaffolds. Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) with capacity to differentiate into cardiomyocytes and other cell lines have been predominantly trialled in rodents. However, large animal models are increasingly needed to(More)
Piglets are popular for studies of respiratory and cardiovascular function, but opioid analgesics are contraindicated in these studies because of central nervous system depression. We evaluated two nonopioid analgesics for postoperative pain relief following implantation of a central arterial catheter via an inguinal incision. Animals were randomly assigned(More)
Ventilatory responses (VRs) were measured via a sealed face mask and pneumotachograph in 30 unsedated, mixed-breed miniature piglets at 12.6 +/- 2.3 days of age (day 1) and then repeated after seven daily 24-min exposures to 10% O(2)-6% CO(2) [hypercapnic hypoxia (HH)]. Arterial blood was sampled at baseline, after 10 min of exposure, and after 10 min of(More)
Exposure to cigarette smoke is a risk factor for the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), but the ability to distinguish between the neuropathological effects of pre- versus postnatal exposure is limited in the clinical setting. To test whether postnatal nicotine exposure could contribute to the increased neuronal expression of apoptotic markers that we(More)
Determining circulating equine insulin concentrations is becoming increasingly important in equine clinical practice and research. Most available assays are optimized for human medicine, but there is strong equine cross-reactivity because of the highly conserved nature of insulin. To identify an accurate and reliable assay for equine insulin, 6 commercial(More)
RATIONALE Clinical studies have demonstrated arousal deficits in infants suffering obstructive sleep apnea, and some infant deaths have been attributed to such an arousal deficit. OBJECTIVES To evaluate whether arousal deficits can be induced by intermittent asphyxia during normal development. METHODS AND MEASUREMENTS Young piglets were exposed to(More)
Insulin resistance and hyperinsulinaemia increase the risk of laminitis and horse owners and veterinarians should attempt to enhance insulin sensitivity in at-risk groups. In obese animals this may be achieved, in part, by promoting weight loss and increasing exercise, but such intervention may not be appropriate in non-obese insulin-resistant animals, or(More)
To determine whether stimulus frequency affects physiological compensation to an intermittent respiratory stimulus, we studied piglets (n = 43) aged 14.8 +/- 2.4 days. A 24-min total hypercapnic hypoxia (HH) (10% O(2)-6% CO(2)-balance N(2) = HH) was delivered in 24-, 8-, 4-, or 2-min cycles alternating with air. Controls (n = 10) breathed air continuously.(More)
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