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Photonic crystal nanocavities at visible wavelengths are fabricated in a high refractive index ͑n Ͼ 3.2͒ gallium phosphide membrane. The cavities are probed via a cross-polarized reflectivity measurement and show resonances at wavelengths as low as 645 nm at room temperature, with quality factors between 500 and 1700 for modes with volumes 0.7͑␭ / n͒ 3.(More)
We describe and experimentally demonstrate a technique for deterministic, large coupling between a photonic crystal (PC) nanocavity and single photon emitters. The technique is based on in situ scanning of a PC cavity over a sample and allows the precise positioning of the cavity over a desired emitter with nanoscale resolution. The power of the technique(More)
We demonstrate second harmonic generation in photonic crystal nanocavities fabricated in the semiconductor gallium phosphide. We observe second harmonic radiation at 750 nm with input powers of only nanowatts coupled to the cavity and conversion effciency P(out)/P(2)(in,coupled)=430%/W. The large electronic band gap of GaP minimizes absorption loss,(More)
Fluorescence spectroscopy is a promising technology for detection of epithelial precancers and cancers. While age and menopausal status influence measurements in the cervix, other variables do not significantly affect the diagnosis. In this study we examine probe pressure as a variable. A fiber optic probe to measure fluorescence spectra at different(More)
Fast, high efficiency and low error single-photon sources are required for the implementation of a number of quantum information processing applications. The fastest triggered single-photon sources to date have been demonstrated using epitaxially grown semiconductor quantum dots (QDs), which can be conveniently integrated with optical microcavities. Recent(More)
We demonstrate and characterize continuous wave ␹ ͑2͒ sum-frequency generation in gallium phosphide photonic crystal nanocavities. We use two confined modes of the nanocavity in the wavelength range 1500–1600 nm to enhance conversion efficiency. Our results show that these nanocavities can serve as integrated light sources across a range of wavelengths, and(More)
Photoluminescent molecules are coupled to high quality photonic crystal nanocavities. The cavities are fabricated in a gallium phosphide membrane and show resonances from 735 to 860 nm with quality factors up to 12 000. The molecules, which are dispersed in a thin polymer film deposited on top of the cavities, can be selectively positioned onto the location(More)
We demonstrate a quantum dot single photon source at 900 nm triggered at 100 MHz by a continuous wave telecommunications wavelength laser followed by an electro-optic modulator. The quantum dot is excited by on-chip-generated second harmonic radiation, resonantly enhanced by a GaAs photonic crystal cavity surrounding the InAs quantum dot. Our result(More)
We describe a photonic crystal nanocavity with multiple spatially overlapping resonances that can serve as a platform for nonlinear frequency conversion. We show nonlinear characterization of structures with two resonances nearly degenerate in frequency. We also demonstrate structures with resonances separated by up to 523 nm. ultracompact buried(More)