Kelley L. Colvin

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Chronic inflammation is an important component of the fibroproliferative changes that characterise pulmonary hypertensive vasculopathy. Fibrocytes contribute to tissue remodelling in settings of chronic inflammation, including animal models of pulmonary hypertension (PH). We sought to determine whether circulating fibrocytes were increased in children and(More)
Endothelin-1 is a potent vasoactive peptide that occurs in chronically high levels in humans with pulmonary hypertension and in animal models of the disease. Recently, the unfolded protein response was implicated in a variety of diseases, including pulmonary hypertension. In addition, evidence is increasing for pathological, persistent inflammation in the(More)
E1A oncogene expression increases mammalian cell susceptibility to lysis by cytolytic lymphocytes (CLs) at a stage in this intercellular interaction that is independent of cell surface recognition events. Since CLs can induce either apoptotic or necrotic cell death, we asked whether E1A sensitization to injury-induced apoptosis is sufficient to explain(More)
Pulmonary hypertension remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Although there is currently no cure, descriptions of defective intracellular trafficking and protein misfolding in vascular cell models of pulmonary hypertension have been recently reported. We tested the hypothesis that activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) would be(More)
Therapeutic approaches in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) are based primarily on clinician experience, in contrast to the evidence-based approach in adults with pulmonary hypertension. There is a clear and present need for non-invasive and objective biomarkers to guide the accurate diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of this disease in(More)
RATIONALE Autoimmunity has long been associated with pulmonary hypertension. Bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue plays important roles in antigen sampling and self-tolerance during infection and inflammation. OBJECTIVES We reasoned that activated bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue would be evident in rats with pulmonary hypertension, and that loss of(More)
Mechanisms by which endothelin (ET)-1 mediates chronic pulmonary hypertension remain incompletely understood. Although activation of the ET type A (ET(A)) receptor causes vasoconstriction, stimulation of ET type B (ET(B)) receptors can elicit vasodilation or vasoconstriction. We hypothesized that the ET(B) receptor attenuates the development of hypoxic(More)
BACKGROUND Human pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by proliferation of vascular smooth muscle and, in its more severe form, by the development of occlusive neointimal lesions. However, few animal models of pulmonary neointimal proliferation exist, thereby limiting a complete understanding of the pathobiology of PAH. Recent studies of(More)
BACKGROUND Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are increased in inflammatory and autoimmune disorders and orchestrate immune cell responses therein. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with inflammation, autoimmunity, and lung vascular remodeling. Immature myeloid cells are found in the lungs of humans and animals with PH, and we hypothesized(More)
Pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an uncommon disease that can occur in neonates, infants, and children, and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Despite advances in treatment strategies over the last two decades, the underlying structural and functional changes to the pulmonary arterial circulation are progressive and lead(More)