Kellersmann Richard

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Sulfation is an important mechanism for regulating the biological activity of numerous hormones and neurotransmitters in man. Here we have investigated the ontogeny of sulfotransferases (SULT) and sulfatase (ARS) involved in the metabolism of thyroid hormone and dopamine. SULT1A1 enzyme activity was lower in postnatal liver and lung than in fetal tissues.(More)
The Calu-3 human cell line exhibits features of submucosal gland serous cells and secretes HCO(3)(-). The aim of this study was to identify the HCO(3)(-) transporters present in these cells by studying their role in the regulation of intracellular pH (pH(i)). Calu-3 cells were grown on coverslips, loaded with the pH-sensitive fluorescent dye BCECF, and(More)
Treating H441 cells with dexamethasone raised the abundance of mRNA encoding the epithelial Na(+) channel alpha- and beta-subunits and increased transepithelial ion transport (measured as short-circuit current, I(sc)) from <4 microA.cm(-2) to 10-20 microA.cm(-2). This dexamethasone-stimulated ion transport was blocked by amiloride analogs with a rank order(More)
The role of the deiodinases D1, D2, and D3 in the tissue-specific and time-dependent regulation of thyroid hormone bioactivity during fetal development has been investigated in animals but little is known about the ontogeny of these enzymes in humans. We analyzed D1, D2, and D3 activities in liver microsomes from 10 fetuses of 15-20 weeks gestation and from(More)
Neointimal hyperplasia, transplant rejection and thus immunogenicity of allografts are possible reasons for poorer patency rates in cryopreserved venous allografts for peripheral bypass surgery in comparison with autologous venous grafts. To expand the limited knowledge from human allografts, we histologically investigated allogeneic and autologous venous(More)
Thyroid hormones are required for normal development of the brain. Transient hypothyroxinaemia is the most common thyroid dysfunction in preterm infants and is defined by temporary low levels of T4, T3 and normal or low TSH. Low T4 levels in preterm infants are associated with persistent neurodevelopmental deficits in cognitive and motor function. Thyroid(More)
Thyroid hormones are involved in the regulation of fetal lung development, and maturation is accelerated in animal models by antepartum exposure to raised concentrations of the receptor-active thyroid hormone triiodothyronine and glucocorticoids. It is essential that the nature of the regulation of the spatial and temporal metabolism of iodothyronines in(More)
Glucocorticoid and thyroid hormones (T3) are important for the development of the lungs' Na+ absorbing phenotype, which is essential for the integrated functioning of the respiratory tract. Electrometric studies of H441 airway epithelial cells confirmed that dexamethasone increases apical Na+ conductance (GNa) and demonstrated that T3 facilitates this(More)
Cytosolic thioredoxin reductase (TR) is an FAD-containing homodimeric selenoenzyme which, together with thioredoxin (Trx) and NADPH, forms a powerful oxidoreductase system. Cytoplasmic glutathione peroxidase (GPX-1) is a selenoprotein with antioxidant activity. The TR/Trx system has been associated with cellular processes including regulation of cell(More)
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