Kelias Phiri Msyamboza

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In most countries, people who have a low socioeconomic status and those who live in poor or marginalised communities have a higher risk of dying from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) than do more advantaged groups and communities. Smoking rates, blood pressure, and several other NCD risk factors are often higher in groups with low socioeconomic status than(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are becoming significant causes of morbidity and mortality, particularly in sub-Saharan African countries, although local, high-quality data to inform evidence-based policies are lacking. OBJECTIVES To determine the magnitude of NCDs and their risk factors in Malawi. METHODS Using the WHO STEPwise(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of a 2-year programme for community-based delivery of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) on intermittent preventive treatment during pregnancy coverage, antenatal clinic attendance and pregnancy outcome. METHODS Fourteen intervention and 12 control villages in the catchment areas of Chikwawa and Ngabu Government Hospitals,(More)
Cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide with a majority of cases and deaths occurring in developing countries. While cancer of the lung, breast, colorectum, stomach and prostate are the most common types of cancer globally, in east and southern Africa these are less common and comprehensive data to inform policies are lacking.(More)
BACKGROUND Previously considered as a disease of the affluent, west or urban people and not of public health importance, diabetes mellitus is increasingly becoming a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. However, population-based data to inform prevention, treatment and control are lacking. METHODS Using the WHO STEPwise(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND Although leprosy was eliminated globally in 2000, the disease continues to be the significant cause of peripheral neuropathy, disability and disfigurement in some developing countries. However, recent population-based prevalence data are lacking to inform evidence-based renewed commitment for the final push for leprosy elimination(More)
DESIGN Malarial anaemia is a major problem in many developing countries and often occurs more frequently in first pregnancies, as primigravidae are more susceptible to Plasmodium falciparum malaria and are at excess risk of malarial anaemia. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS To analyse the excess risk of anaemia in primigravidae as a potential indicator of malaria(More)
BACKGROUND Baseline prevalence and knowledge, attitude and perception (KAP) survey is a prerequisite for mass drug administration for the control of Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and other neglected tropical diseases. METHODS In preparation for the first mass drug administration for LF elimination, a baseline survey was conducted in six sentinel sites in the(More)
INTRODUCTION Overweight and obesity are significant causes of increased morbidity and premature mortality from non-communicable diseases, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, although local high quality population-based data to inform policies and strategies are lacking. METHODS Using the WHO STEPwise approach to chronic disease risk factor surveillance,(More)
BACKGROUND Malaria in pregnancy is a significant cause of maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. Malawi adopted intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxinepyrimethamine (SP) for the control of malaria in pregnancy in 1993. However there is little information on the in-vivo SP efficacy in pregnant women. This study was conducted to determine:(More)