Learn More
Ag recognition and Ab production in B cells are major components of the humoral immune response. In the current study, we found that the core fucosylation catalyzed by α1,6-fucosyltransferase (Fut8) was required for the Ag recognition of BCR and the subsequent signal transduction. Moreover, compared with the 3-83 B cells, the coalescing of lipid rafts and(More)
Ganglioside GM3 plays a well-documented and important role in the regulation of tumor cell proliferation, invasion, and metastasis by modulating tyrosine kinase growth factor receptors. However, the effect of GM3 on the hepatocyte growth factor receptor (HGFR, cMet) has not been fully delineated. In the current study, we investigated how GM3 affects cMet(More)
LeY oligosaccharide is stage specifically expressed by the embryo and uterine endometrium, and it plays important roles in embryo implantation. In addition to participating in the recognition and adhesion on fetal–maternal interface, LeY potentially regulates the expression of some implantation-related factors. However, it remains elusive whether it can(More)
Glycogen, the largest cytosolic macromolecule, is soluble because of intricate construction generating perfect hydrophilic-surfaced spheres. Little is known about neuronal glycogen function and metabolism, though progress is accruing through the neurodegenerative epilepsy Lafora disease (LD) proteins laforin and malin. Neurons in LD exhibit Lafora bodies(More)
L1 plays a role in neural development. However, it remains unclear how L1 plays this role. In the present study, we have shown extensive outgrowth of long neurites in cerebellar neurons after treatment with either L1 or L1 antibody. Notably, the mRNA level of FGF21 was significantly increased in both L1 and L1 antibody treated neurons compared to control(More)
Cell recognition molecule L1 (CD171) plays an important role in neuronal survival, migration, differentiation, neurite outgrowth, myelination, synaptic plasticity and regeneration after injury. Our previous study has demonstrated that overexpressing L1 enhances cell survival and proliferation of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) through promoting the(More)
In Lafora disease (LD), the deficiency of either EPM2A or NHLRC1, the genes encoding the phosphatase laforin and E3 ligase, respectively, causes massive accumulation of less-branched glycogen inclusions, known as Lafora bodies, also called polyglucosan bodies (PBs), in several types of cells including neurons. The biochemical mechanism underlying the PB(More)
Mutations in sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase 2 (SERCA2) underlie Darier disease (DD), a dominantly inherited skin disorder characterized by loss of keratinocyte adhesion (acantholysis) and abnormal keratinization (dyskeratosis) resulting in characteristic mucocutaneous abnormalities. However, the molecular pathogenic mechanism by which(More)
The metastasis suppressor CD82/KAI-1, which is a member of the tetraspanin superfamily, has been proposed to exert its activity together with glycosphingolipids. However, the mechanism of CD82 inhibition has not been fully elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the synergistic inhibition of cell migration by the tetraspanin CD82 and gangliosides(More)
Plasmalogens play multiple roles in the structures of biological membranes, cell membrane lipid homeostasis and human diseases. We report the isolation and identification of choline plasmalogens (ChoPlas) from swine liver by high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)/MS. The growth and viability of(More)