Kelath Murali Manoj

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The bi-enzymatic system of cytochrome P450 (CYP, a hemoprotein) and cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR, a diflavoenzyme) mediate the redox metabolism of diverse indigenous and xenobiotic molecules in various cellular and organ systems, using oxygen and NADPH. Curiously, when a 1:1 ratio is seen to be optimal for metabolism, the ubiquitous CYP:CPR distribution(More)
Chloroperoxidase (CPO) catalyzed oxygen insertions are highly enantioselective and hence of immense biotechnological potential. A peroxide activation step is required to give rise to the compound I species that catalyzes this chiral reaction. A side reaction, a catalase type peroxide dismutation, is another feature of CPO's versatility. This work(More)
Chloroperoxidase exhibits a wide variety of enantioselective epoxidation reactions. Until now, the epoxidation activities have been mainly evaluated using elaborate gas chromatographic methods. This paper reports a rapid and convenient spectrophotometric assay for CPO. The disappearance of indene by catalytic epoxidation is monitored at 250 nm and this is(More)
We sought to clarify on the hitherto unresolved role of N-terminal transmembrane segments (TMS) of cytochrome P450 (CYP) and its’ reductase (CPR) in protein interaction/catalysis. TMS analyses show little evolutionary conservation in CYPs. The conserved CPR’s TMS poses limited scope for predictable/consistent hetero-recognition with the wide bevy of CYPs’(More)
A method of detecting and assaying the halogenating activity of hemeperoxidases using the colored substrate, thionin, is reported here. In the presence of suitable amounts of peroxide and chloride, chloroperoxidase chlorinates thionin and bleaches the intense color of this substrate. The kinetics was quite similar to that of the established(More)
Azide is a well-known inhibitor of heme-enzymes. Herein, we report the counter-intuitive observation that at some concentration regimes, incorporation of azide in the reaction medium enhances chloroperoxidase (CPO, a heme-enzyme) mediated one-electron abstractions from several substrates. A diffusible azidyl radical based mechanism is proposed for(More)
We report that trace amounts (nano- to picomolar concentrations) of dapsone and amiodarone in reaction mixtures of structurally and functionally distinct heme enzymes gave increased product formation rates from diverse substrates. These enhancements are found to be lowered by mild radical quenchers; a lowering well differentiated from heme active site(More)
Many heme enzymes show remarkable versatility and atypical kinetics. The fungal extracellular enzyme chloroperoxidase (CPO) characterizes a variety of one and two electron redox reactions in the presence of hydroperoxides. A structural counterpart, found in mammalian microsomal cytochrome P450 (CYP), uses molecular oxygen plus NADPH for the oxidative(More)
Chloroperoxidase is a versatile heme enzyme which can cross over the catalytic boundaries of other oxidative hemoproteins and perform multiple functions. Chloroperoxidase, in addition to catalyzing classical peroxidative reactions, also acts as a P450 cytochrome and a potent catalase. The multiple functions of chloroperoxidase must be derived from its(More)