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In the study of complex traits, the utility of linkage analysis and single marker association tests can be limited for researchers attempting to elucidate the complex interplay between a gene and environmental covariates. For these purposes, tests of gene-environment interactions are needed. In addition, recent studies have indicated that haplotypes, which(More)
In asthma, the response to beta-agonists acting at beta2-adrenergic receptors (beta2AR) displays extensive interindividual variation. One effector for airway beta2AR, adenylyl cyclase type 9 (AC9), was considered a candidate locus for predicting beta-agonist efficacy in the absence and presence of corticosteroid treatment. One non-synonymous AC9(More)
Bronchial asthma is a common inflammatory disease caused by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. Through a genome-wide association study and a replication study consisting of a total of 7,171 individuals with adult asthma (cases) and 27,912 controls in the Japanese population, we identified five loci associated with susceptibility to adult(More)
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory respiratory disease that affects over 300 million people worldwide. Glucocorticoids are a mainstay therapy for asthma because they exert anti-inflammatory effects in multiple lung tissues, including the airway smooth muscle (ASM). However, the mechanism by which glucocorticoids suppress inflammation in ASM remains poorly(More)
RATIONALE Inhaled beta-agonists are one of the most widely used classes of drugs for the treatment of asthma. However, a substantial proportion of patients with asthma do not have a favorable response to these drugs, and identifying genetic determinants of drug response may aid in tailoring treatment for individual patients. OBJECTIVES To screen variants(More)
OBJECTIVE Corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor (CRHR)-2 participates in smooth muscle relaxation response and may influence acute airway bronchodilator response to short-acting beta2-agonist treatment of asthma. We aim to assess associations between genetic variants of CRHR2 and acute bronchodilator response in asthma. METHODS We investigated 28(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term intermittent oral corticosteroid (OCS) use in children with asthma leads to significant decreases in bone mineral accretion (BMA). OBJECTIVE We aimed to identify genetic factors influencing OCS dose effects on BMA in children with asthma. METHODS We first performed a gene-by-OCS interaction genome-wide association study (GWAS) of(More)
Corticosteroids mediate a variety of immunological actions and are commonly utilized in the treatment of a wide range of diseases. Unfortunately, therapy with this class of medications is associated with a large proportion of non-responders and significant side effects. Inhaled corticosteroids are the most commonly used asthma controller therapy. However,(More)
The NIH Pharmacogenetics Research Network (PGRN) is a collaborative group of investigators with a wide range of research interests, but all attempting to correlate drug response with genetic variation. Several research groups concentrate on drugs used to treat specific medical disorders (asthma, depression, cardiovascular disease, addiction of nicotine, and(More)