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We present the results of a benchmark study for a convection-driven magnetohydrodynamic dynamo problem in a rotating spherical shell. The solutions are stationary aside from azimuthal drift. One case of non-magnetic convection and two dynamos that differ in the assumptions concerning the inner core are studied. Six groups contributed numerical solutions(More)
PURPOSE To assess the etiology of early-onset dark nucleus in high-myopic patients and its relationship with the epigenetic regulation of αA-crystallin (CRYAA). METHODS We reviewed clinical data from patients who underwent cataract surgery at our center in 2012. Lens epithelial samples were collected during capsulorhexis, whereas young lens epithelium was(More)
Inflammation and iron accumulation in the substantia nigra (SN) are implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the relationship between neuroinflammation and iron mismanagement remain largely unknown. In the present study, an animal model induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to evaluate iron concentration in the ventral(More)
We report on the sensing mechanism of electrical detection of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) hybridization for Au- and Cr-contacted field effect transistors based on single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) networks. Barrier height extraction via low-temperature electrical measurement provides direct evidence for the notion that the energy level alignment between(More)
Antibacterial bonding agents and composites containing dimethylaminododecyl methacrylate (DMADDM) have been recently developed. The objectives of this study were to investigate the antibacterial effect of novel adhesives containing different mass fractions of DMADDM on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) biofilm at different developmental stages. Different(More)
Isolation and identification of a novel laccase (namely Lac4) with various industrial applications potentials from an endophytical bacterium. Endophyte Sd-1 cultured in rice straw showed intra- and extra-cellular laccase activities. Genomic analysis of Sd-1 identified four putative laccases, Lac1 to Lac4. However, only Lac4 contains the complete signature(More)
Stellar magnetic activities such as the 11-year sunspot cycle are the manifestation of magnetohydrodynamic dynamo processes taking place in the deep interiors of stars. This paper is concerned with the mathematical theory and finite element approximation of mean-field spherical dynamos and their astrophysical application. We first investigate the existence,(More)
PURPOSE To identify proteins interacting with alpha A-crystallin (CRYAA) and to investigate the potential role that these protein interactions play in the function of CRYAA using a human proteome (HuProt) microarray. METHODS The active full-length CRYAA protein corresponding to amino acids 1-173 of CRYAA was recombined. A HuProt microarray composed of(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the inflammatory status of the aqueous humor in the fellow eye after uneventful cataract surgery in the first eye. METHODS At the screening stage, aqueous humor samples from 15 first-eye and 15 second-eye cataract patients were collected just before cataract surgery and assayed using human cytokine antibody(More)
Oral streptococci metabolize carbohydrate to produce organic acids, which not only decrease the environmental pH, but also increase osmolality of dental plaque fluid due to tooth demineralization and consequent calcium and phosphate accumulation. Despite these unfavorable environmental changes, the bacteria continue to thrive. The aim of this study was to(More)