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Microbes colonize human oral surfaces within hours after delivery. During postnatal development, physiological changes, such as the eruption of primary teeth and replacement of the primary dentition with permanent dentition, greatly alter the microbial habitats, which, in return, may lead to community composition shifts at different phases in people's(More)
Both Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis are normal bacterial inhabitants of dental plaque. Streptococcus mutans is the major agent causing dental caries. It has been well documented that nicotine affects the growth of S. mutans. This study investigated the effect of nicotine on mono- and dual-species growth of S. mutans and S. sanguinis. The(More)
Gout is one of the most common types of inflammatory arthritis, caused by the deposition of monosodium urate crystals in and around the joints. Previous genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified many genetic loci associated with raised serum urate concentrations. However, hyperuricemia alone is not sufficient for the development of gout(More)
Linear and weakly nonlinear thermal convection in a moderately thin spherical shell in the presence of a spherically symmetric gravity subject to a spherically symmetric boundary condition is systematically investigated through fully three-dimensional numerical simulations. The convection problem is self-adjoint and the linear convective stability is(More)
With increased industrial development, cadmium is an increasingly important environmental pollutant. Studies have identified various adverse effects of cadmium on human beings. However, the relationships between cadmium pollution and the pathogenesis of preeclampsia remain elusive. The objective of this study is to explore the effects of cadmium on immune(More)
Zinc ion as the only flame retardant of cellulose fibers was successfully grafted onto cellulose fibers. Grafting maleic anhydride onto cellulose fibers via homogeneous acylation reaction between N,N-dimethyl formamide (DMF) as the first step. Then, graft zinc ion onto the formed cellulose fibers was conducted with zinc carbonate. The resulting copolymers(More)
Purpose. To compare pain scores between first-eye and second-eye cataract surgery and to determine the affecting factors. Methods. 106 first-eye and 53 second-eye cataract surgery patients (mean age: 67 ± 13 and 69 ± 10 years, resp.) were enrolled. The patients completed simplified State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and visual analog scale (VAS) for anxiety(More)
Inflammation and iron accumulation in the substantia nigra (SN) are implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the relationship between neuroinflammation and iron mismanagement remain largely unknown. In the present study, an animal model induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to evaluate iron concentration in the ventral(More)
High myopia has long been recognized as an inflammation-related disease, and high myopic eyes are thought to have a proinflammatory internal microenvironment, which might predispose to the occurrence of certain inflammation-related complications such as fibrotic capsular contraction syndrome after cataract surgery. Therefore, the purpose of this study was(More)
We report on the sensing mechanism of electrical detection of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) hybridization for Au- and Cr-contacted field effect transistors based on single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) networks. Barrier height extraction via low-temperature electrical measurement provides direct evidence for the notion that the energy level alignment between(More)