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Microbes colonize human oral surfaces within hours after delivery. During postnatal development, physiological changes, such as the eruption of primary teeth and replacement of the primary dentition with permanent dentition, greatly alter the microbial habitats, which, in return, may lead to community composition shifts at different phases in people's(More)
Linear and weakly nonlinear thermal convection in a moderately thin spherical shell in the presence of a spherically symmetric gravity subject to a spherically symmetric boundary condition is systematically investigated through fully three-dimensional numerical simulations. The convection problem is self-adjoint and the linear convective stability is(More)
Both Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis are normal bacterial inhabitants of dental plaque. Streptococcus mutans is the major agent causing dental caries. It has been well documented that nicotine affects the growth of S. mutans. This study investigated the effect of nicotine on mono- and dual-species growth of S. mutans and S. sanguinis. The(More)
Inflammation and iron accumulation in the substantia nigra (SN) are implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the relationship between neuroinflammation and iron mismanagement remain largely unknown. In the present study, an animal model induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to evaluate iron concentration in the ventral(More)
High myopia has long been recognized as an inflammation-related disease, and high myopic eyes are thought to have a proinflammatory internal microenvironment, which might predispose to the occurrence of certain inflammation-related complications such as fibrotic capsular contraction syndrome after cataract surgery. Therefore, the purpose of this study was(More)
We report on the sensing mechanism of electrical detection of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) hybridization for Au- and Cr-contacted field effect transistors based on single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) networks. Barrier height extraction via low-temperature electrical measurement provides direct evidence for the notion that the energy level alignment between(More)
We investigate, via both asymptotic analysis and direct numerical simulation, precessionally driven flow of a homogeneous fluid confined in fluid-filled circular cylinders that rotate rapidly about their symmetry axis and precess about a different axis and that are marked by radius-height aspect ratios Γ=1.045945 and Γ=1.611089. At these radius-height(More)
Lipoxin A4 (LXA4), an arachidonic acid-derived anti-inflammatory lipid mediator, shows anti-tumor potential by regulating tumor immune microenvironments. However, the underlying molecular and cellular basis of this function remains unclear. IL-10-producing B (Breg) cells display tumor-promoting effects by negatively regulating anti-tumor immunity. Here we(More)
The excited state dynamics of rubrene in solution and in the single crystal were studied by femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopy under various excitation conditions. Singlet fission was demonstrated to play a predominant role in the excited state relaxation of the rubrene crystal in contrast to rubrene in solution. Upon 500 nm excitation, triplet excitons(More)
Antibacterial bonding agents and composites containing dimethylaminododecyl methacrylate (DMADDM) have been recently developed. The objectives of this study were to investigate the antibacterial effect of novel adhesives containing different mass fractions of DMADDM on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) biofilm at different developmental stages. Different(More)