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Proteolytic enzymes in general, and cysteine proteases in particular, play key roles in seed germination and early seedling growth. However, the precise mechanism by which the serine proteases are regulated remains unclear. Trypsin-like activity was detected in wheat germ (quiescent embryo) and this activity increased in the germinating embryo. In this(More)
This is the first report of molecular characterization of a novel cyclic nucleotide PDE (phosphodiesterase), isolated from the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum and designated PfPDE1. PfPDE1 cDNA encodes an 884-amino-acid protein, including six putative transmembrane domains in the N-terminus followed by a catalytic domain. The PfPDE1 gene is a(More)
Although many endo-ß-1,4-glucanases have been isolated in invertebrates, their cellulolytic systems are not fully understood. In particular, gastropod feeding on seaweed is considered an excellent model system for production of bioethanol and renewable bioenergy from third-generation feedstocks (microalgae and seaweeds). In this study, enzymes involved in(More)
SPCs (subtilisin-like proprotein convertases) are a family of seven structurally related serine endoproteases that are involved in the proteolytic activation of proproteins. In an effort to examine the substrate protein for PACE4 (paired basic amino-acid-cleaving enzyme-4), an SPC, a potent protein inhibitor of PACE4, an alpha1-antitrypsin RVRR(More)
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiestease (PDE) type 8 is categorized into a family of 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine-insensitive PDE hydrolyzing cAMP with high affinity. We have isolated cDNAs encoding rat PDE8A and PDE8B from brain and testis, respectively. The sequence analysis demonstrated that rat PDE8A was a protein of 823 amino acid residues. Rat PDE8B protein(More)
cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG)-interacting proteins (GKIPs) mediate cellular targeting of PKG isoforms by interacting with their leucine zipper (LZ) domains. These interactions prevent aberrant signaling cross-talk between different PKG isotypes. To gain detailed insight into isotype-specific GKIP recognition by PKG, we analyzed the type II PKG leucine(More)
The cGMP/cGMP-dependent protein kinase (cGK) signaling pathway is implicated in the functional regulation of intracellular calcium levels. In the present study, we investigated the regulation of transient receptor potential canonical 7 (TRPC7) by the cGMP/cGK-I pathway. TRPC7 contains three putative cGK phosphorylation sites (Arg-Arg/Lys-Xaa-Ser/Thr).(More)
Full-length cDNAs of human cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 8B (PDE8B) were isolated. Enzymatic characteristics of a dominant variant encoding a protein of 885 residues (PDE8B1) were compared with those of PDE8A1. The recombinant PDE8A1 and PDE8B1 proteins of an entire form were produced in both cytosolic and membrane fractions of the transfected COS(More)
Oligopeptidase B from Trypanosoma brucei (Tb OPB) is a virulence factor and therapeutic target in African sleeping sickness. Three glutamic acid residues at positions 607, 609 and 610 of the catalytic domain are highly conserved in the OPB subfamily. In this study, the roles of Glu(607), Glu(609) and Glu(610) in Tb OPB were investigated by site-directed(More)
The enzymological and pharmacological properties of 2-(2-Methylpyridin-4-yl)methyl-4-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-8-(pyrimidin-2-yl)methoxy-1,2-dihydro-1-oxo-2,7-naphthyridine-3-carboxylic acid methyl ester hydrochloride (T-0156), a new phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor, were studied in vitro and in vivo. The inhibitory effects of T-0156 on six(More)