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We report a case of intraoperative cardiac arrest in a patient with mitochodorial encephalomyopathy undergoing pulmonary wedge resection. The patient is a 50-year-old female who had been diagnosed as progressive external ophthalmoplegia at the age of 44 and underwent resection of mediastinal tumor 11 months before without major events. The patient was found(More)
We report a case of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) after cesarean section (C/S). A 35-year-old primigravida with placenta previa and myoma underwent C/S because of nonreassuring fetal status caused by medical induction of labor. C/S was performed smoothly under general anesthesia and the baby had no problems. Immediately after the end of C/S, she went into(More)
We examined two children with presumed shaken baby syndrome. Both children suffered severe, indirect closed head trauma with intracranial hemorrhage, sharply increased intracranial pressure, and extensive neurologic damage. In addition to extensive retinal and preretinal hemorrhages, bilateral symmetric white ring-shaped retinal folds were seen encircling(More)
To examine the responsiveness of prolactin (PRL) secretion in patients with PRL-producing tumor (PRL-noma), TRH (500 micrograms), arginine (0.5 g/kg, b. wt.), and sulpiride (100 mg) were administered to 13 patients with PRL-noma. Seven of these patients responded to TRH or other agents with an increase in their plasma PRL levels of 50% or more above the(More)
Several clinical reports on neuropathic pain of various etiologies have shown that it significantly interferes with sleep. Inadequate sleep due to neuropathic pain may contribute to the stressful negative consequences of living with pain. It is generally recognized that melatonin (MT) system in the hypothalmus is crusial for circadian rhythm and sleep-wake(More)
The locus coeruleus (LC) is a noradrenergic brainstem structure that is considered to play a role in promoting arousal. To further clarify the role of LC noradrenergic neurons, we performed an optogenetic assay by injecting AAV-channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) into the LC of cre-tyrosine hydrolase (TH) mice. We found here that the specific activation of LC(More)
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