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BACKGROUND Conventional estimates of poverty do not take account of out-of-pocket payments to finance health care. We aimed to reassess measures of poverty in 11 low-to-middle income countries in Asia by calculating total household resources both with and without out-of-pocket payments for health care. METHODS We obtained data on payments for health care(More)
Out-of-pocket (OOP) payments are the principal means of financing health care throughout much of Asia. We estimate the magnitude and distribution of OOP payments for health care in fourteen countries and territories accounting for 81% of the Asian population. We focus on payments that are catastrophic, in the sense of severely disrupting household living(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the educational effectiveness on learning evidence based medicine of a handheld computer clinical decision support tool compared with a pocket card containing guidelines and a control. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING University of Hong Kong, 2001. PARTICIPANTS 169 fourth year medical students. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES(More)
BACKGROUND Hong Kong's rapidly ageing population, characterised by one of the longest life expectancies and the lowest fertility rate in the world, is likely to drive long-term care (LTC) expenditure higher. This study aims to identify key cost drivers and derive quantitative estimates of Hong Kong's LTC expenditure to 2036. METHODS We parameterised a(More)
OBJECTIVE Given the slow adoption of medical informatics in Hong Kong and Asia, we sought to understand the contributory barriers and potential incentives associated with information technology implementation. DESIGN AND MEASUREMENTS A representative sample of 949 doctors (response rate = 77.0%) was asked through a postal survey to rank a list of nine(More)
Objective To assess the educational effectiveness on learning evidence based medicine of a handheld computer clinical decision support tool compared with a pocket card containing guidelines and a control. Design Randomised controlled trial. Participants 169 fourth year medical students. Main outcome measures Factor and individual item scores from a(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES We evaluated factors associated with physicians' perceptions towards the effects of computers on health care and on current levels of computerization in their practice. We also performed a contingent valuation to quantify physicians' perceived benefits from computerization in a hypothetical ambulatory, solo clinic. METHODS We(More)
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