Keith Y. K. Tin

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Out-of-pocket (OOP) payments are the principal means of financing health care throughout much of Asia. We estimate the magnitude and distribution of OOP payments for health care in fourteen countries and territories accounting for 81% of the Asian population. We focus on payments that are catastrophic, in the sense of severely disrupting household living(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional estimates of poverty do not take account of out-of-pocket payments to finance health care. We aimed to reassess measures of poverty in 11 low-to-middle income countries in Asia by calculating total household resources both with and without out-of-pocket payments for health care. METHODS We obtained data on payments for health care(More)
We estimate the distributional incidence of health care financing in 13 Asian territories that account for 55% of the Asian population. In all territories, higher-income households contribute more to the financing of health care. The better-off contribute more as a proportion of ability to pay in most low- and lower-middle-income territories. Health care(More)
OBJECTIVES Most evidence-based practice (EBP) educational assessment tools evaluated to date have focused on specific knowledge components or technical skills. Other important potential barriers to the adoption of EBP, such as attitudinal, perceptual and behavioural factors, have yet to be studied, especially in the undergraduate setting. Therefore, we(More)
The article compares the incidence of public healthcare across 11 Asian countries and provinces, testing the dominance of healthcare concentration curves against an equal distribution and Lorenz curves and across countries. The analysis reveals that the distribution of public healthcare is prorich in most developing countries. That distribution is(More)
This paper compares the extent to which the principle of "equal treatment for equal need"(ETEN) is maintained in the health care delivery systems of Hong Kong, South Korea and Taiwan. Deviations in the degree to which health care is distributed according to need are measured by an index of horizontal inequity. Income-related inequality in utilization is(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the educational effectiveness on learning evidence based medicine of a handheld computer clinical decision support tool compared with a pocket card containing guidelines and a control. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING University of Hong Kong, 2001. PARTICIPANTS 169 fourth year medical students. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES(More)
We examine the distributional characteristics of Hong Kong's mixed public-private health system to identify the net redistribution achieved through public spending on health care, compare the income-related inequality and inequity of public and private care and measure horizontal inequity in health-care delivery overall. Payments for public care are highly(More)
OBJECTIVE Given the slow adoption of medical informatics in Hong Kong and Asia, we sought to understand the contributory barriers and potential incentives associated with information technology implementation. DESIGN AND MEASUREMENTS A representative sample of 949 doctors (response rate = 77.0%) was asked through a postal survey to rank a list of nine(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify and explore common barriers to the adoption of evidence-based medicine (EBM) practice in the undergraduate setting. DESIGN Nested longitudinal, focus group-based, qualitative study. Setting The University of Hong Kong Medical School, Hong Kong, China. PARTICIPANTS A group of 39 Year 4 medical undergraduates who participated in an(More)