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The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on regional adipose tissue distribution in patients with moderate or severe obstructive sleep apnoea. Patients received both therapeutic and sham CPAP in a random order for 2 months each with an intervening 1-month washout. Abdominal(More)
BACKGROUND Previously published cohort studies in clinical populations have suggested that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a risk factor for mortality associated with cardiovascular disease. However, it is unknown whether sleep apnea is an independent risk factor for all-cause mortality in a community-based sample free from clinical referral bias. (More)
BACKGROUND Statins have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties which could possibly influence inflammatory airways disease. We assessed evidence for disease modifying effects of statin treatment in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS A systematic review was conducted of studies which reported effects of statin(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is expected to impair vigilance and executive functioning, owing to the sensitivity of the prefrontal cortex to the effects of sleep fragmentation and intermittent hypoxia. Studies examining the pattern of cognitive dysfunction show variable results, with the heterogeneity in part due to small sample sizes in current studies(More)
We hypothesized that individuals with untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) would exhibit greater vulnerability to sleep deprivation than healthy controls, due to the additional neurobiological 'load' of chronic sleep fragmentation. After baseline sleep with 8 h time in bed, participants remained awake for 40 h. Psychomotor Vigilance Task (PVT, mean(More)
BACKGROUND Heavy vehicle transportation continues to grow internationally; yet crash rates are high, and the risk of injury and death extends to all road users. The work environment for the heavy vehicle driver poses many challenges; conditions such as scheduling and payment are proposed risk factors for crash, yet the precise measure of these needs(More)
PURPOSE Large quantities of neurophysiological electroencephalogram (EEG) data are routinely collected in the sleep laboratory. These are underutilised due to the burden of managing artefact contamination. The aim of this study was to develop a new tool for automated artefact rejection that facilitates subsequent quantitative analysis of sleep EEG data(More)
The effect of morphine on breathing and ventilatory chemoreflexes in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is unknown. It has been assumed that acute morphine use may induce deeper respiratory depression in OSA but this has not been investigated. We evaluated awake ventilatory chemoreflexes and overnight polysomnography on 10 mild-moderate OSA patients before and(More)
BACKGROUND Slow wave sleep (SWS) has been theorized as reflecting a homeostatic sleep process and is considered a state of recuperation. SWS is reduced in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients, but SWS has not been specifically studied in respiratory failure patients. The aim of this study is to investigate SWS in predominantly hypercapnic respiratory(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the use of detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) scaling exponent of the awake electroencephalogram (EEG) as a new alternative biomarker of neurobehavioural impairment and sleepiness in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS Eight patients with moderate-severe OSA and nine non-OSA controls underwent a 40-h extended wakefulness(More)