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Postimplant evaluation of prostate brachytherapy using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 1.5 T has met with some difficulties due to the uncertainty associated with seed localization despite the excellent anatomical delineation this imaging modality can achieve. Seeds in vascularized regions or outside the prostate, where signal heterogeneity or drop off(More)
The work presented herein describes our methods and results for predicting, measuring and correcting geometric distortions in a 3 T clinical magnetic resonance (MR) scanner for the purpose of image guidance in radiation treatment planning. Geometric inaccuracies due to both inhomogeneities in the background field and nonlinearities in the applied gradients(More)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the response of transverse relaxation time (T2) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in human glioma tumor xenografts during and after fractionated radiotherapy. Tumor-bearing mice were divided into four treatment groups (n=6 per group) that received a total dose of 800 cGy of 200 kVp x-rays, given over two or(More)
The aim of this work is to demonstrate a complete, robust, and time-efficient method for distortion correction of magnetic resonance (MR) images. It is well known that MR images suffer from both machine-related spatial distortions [gradient nonlinearity and main field (B0) inhomogeneity] and patient-related spatial distortions (susceptibility and chemical(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate intrafractional MR tumor tracking using a prototype linac-MR by delivering radiation to a moving target undergoing simulated tumor motions. METHODS A prototype linac-MR at the Cross Cancer Institute was used for intrafractional MR imaging and simultaneous beam delivery. A Varian 52-leaf MK-II multileaf collimator (MLC) was used for(More)
Interest has been growing in recent years in the development of radiation treatment planning (RTP) techniques based solely on Magnetic Resonance (MR) images. However, it is recognized that MR images suffer from scanner-related and object-induced distortions that may lead to an incorrect placement of anatomical structures. This subsequently may result in a(More)
Reporter genes are useful scientific tools for analyzing promoter activity, transfection efficiency, and cell migration. The current study has validated the use of tyrosinase (involved in melanin production) as a dual reporter gene for magnetic resonance and photoacoustic imaging. MCF-7 cells expressing tyrosinase appear brown due to melanin. Magnetic(More)
PURPOSE Hybrid radiotherapy-MRI devices promise real time tracking of moving tumors to focus the radiation portals to the tumor during irradiation. This approach will benefit from the increased temporal resolution of MRI's data acquisition and reconstruction. In this work, the authors propose a novel spatial-temporal compressed sensing (CS) imaging strategy(More)
Magnetic distortions surrounding a typical brachytherapy seed (IMC6711, OncoSeed) within a clinical magnetic resonance imager were modeled for a number of different seed orientations with respect to the main magnetic field. From these distortion maps, simulated images were produced. The simulated images were then compared to images experimentally acquired(More)
The proton transverse-relaxation spectrum of peripheral nerve has been reported to consist of three components arising from microanatomical water compartments within the nerve. The component with the shortest decay time has been consistently seen to be a result of the myelin. In this study, experiments were performed to reveal the microanatomical sources of(More)