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We investigated the excess mortality risks of former smokers according to the number of years since they quit smoking in a cohort of 21,112 men and women evaluated with coronary angiography and included in the Coronary Artery Surgery Study registry. There is a prompt decline in mortality risk within the first year of quitting. Thereafter, former smokers(More)
The use of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) is recommended based on a review of literature that investigated the properties and characteristics of RCA, the physical properties of fresh and hardened concrete containing RCA, the mechanical behavior of concrete containing RCA, and special considerations for concrete pavements using RCA to achieve suitable(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can detect bacterial DNA in pediatric middle ear effusions that are sterile by standard cultural methods. DESIGN Single-center, blinded, comparative study of diagnostic assays. The PCR-based detection systems for Moraxella catarrhalis, Haemophilus influenzae, and Streptococcus pneumoniae were(More)
Melanoma with the lentigo maligna histological pattern often provides a significant and difficult challenge to the head and neck surgeon. The lentigo maligna subtype is the most common type of melanoma on the head and neck. This potentially lethal form of cancer is associated with greater nonvisual lesional extension that is often not clinically apparent.(More)
To better understand the significance of viral upper respiratory tract infections in the pathogenesis of acute otitis media (OM), 27 adults underwent intranasal inoculation with influenza A virus. Monitoring consisted of antibody titer determination, tympanometry, and otoscopy. Microbiologic analysis consisted of cultures and polymerase chain reaction(More)
Red blood cell deformability is important for effective circulation in the capillaries. It is known that red cell deformability is significantly reduced during septic shock. Surface to volume ratio, physical effects of the cytoskeletal proteins and the fluidity of lipid bilayer are some of the important intrinsic factors that regulate this mechanical(More)
This study was designed to determine the persistence of culturable bacteria versus DNA in the presence of a middle ear effusion in a chinchilla model of otitis media. Cohorts of animals were either infected with an ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus influenzae strain or injected with a tripartite inoculum consisting of freeze-thawed Streptococcus pneumoniae;(More)
L-697,661 is a human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-specific nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitor. Its tolerability and activity in combination with zidovudine were evaluated in a 48-week double-blind study. One hundred nineteen zidovudine-naive HIV-1-infected patients with CD4 cell counts of 200-500/mm3 received either combination(More)