Keith Shuttleworth

Learn More
The ability of a polyphenoloxidase, the laccase of the fungus Rhizoctonia praticola, to detoxify phenolic pollutants was examined. The growth of the fungus could be inhibited by phenolic compounds, and the effective concentration was dependent on the substituents of the phenol. A toxic amount of a phenolic compound was added to a fungal growth medium in the(More)
Phenanthrene-degrading bacteria were isolated from enrichment cultures of soils contaminated with creosote and jet fuel. The isolates from the creosote enrichments were classified by fatty acid methyl ester profiles as Acidovorax delafieldii and Sphingomonas paucimobilis; the bacterium from the jet fuel-contaminated soil was not identified and was(More)
1. The content of decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) in transformed mouse fibroblasts (SV-3T3 cells) was increased 500-fold to about 0.4fmol/cell when ornithine decarboxylase was inhibited by alpha-difluoromethylornithine. This increase was due to the absence of putrescine and spermidine, which serve as substrates for aminopropyltransferases with(More)
1. The specificity of rat prostatic spermidine synthase and spermine synthase with respect to the amine acceptor of the propylamine group was studied. 2. Spermidine synthase could use cadaverine (1,5-diaminopentane) instead of putrescine, but the Km for cadaverine was much greater and the rate with 1mM-cadaverine was only 10% of that with putrescine.(More)
A study was undertaken to determine the ability of the filamentous bacterium Thiothrix strain A1 to sorb heavy metals from solution. Cells of Thiothrix strain A1 were harvested, washed, and suspended in solutions of metals. After an equilibration period, biomass was separated from solution and the metal content in acid-digested cells and/or filtrates was(More)
Recent studies in the area of heavy metal biosorption and mobilization have addressed the selectivity of microbial sorbents in multimetal mixtures, the potential for metal uptake under natural environmental conditions, and the mechanisms of "reactions' between metals and microbes. Results from these studies have provided a better understanding of the(More)
Pathways of glucose catabolism, potentially operational in six strains of obligately aerobic, acidophilic bacteria, including Acidiphilium cryptum strain Lhet2, were investigated by short-term radiorespirometry and enzyme assays. Short-term radiorespirometry was conducted at pH 3.0 with specifically labeled [C]glucose. The high rate and yield of C-1(More)
  • 1