Keith Sacco

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Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease that necessitates proper patient classification to direct surgery, pharmacotherapy, and radiotherapy. Despite patients within the same subgroup receiving similar pharmacotherapy, substantial variation in clinical outcomes is observed. Pharmacogenetic variations with direct effect on pharmacokinetics and(More)
Endometriosis occurs when ectopic cells from the endometrium implant within the peritoneum. It is considered as a disease of multifactorial aetiology and affects 7-10% of women of reproductive age worldwide. In endometriosis, the immune system is thought to be dysfunctional and various studies have shown cytokine imbalance. Commonly upregulated cytokines(More)
Endometriosis is a leading cause of infertility in women of reproductive age. It involves the occurrence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine endometrium, mainly in the peritoneal cavity. Prostaglandin E(2) is up regulated in the peritoneal cavity in endometriosis and is produced by macrophages and ectopic endometrial cells. This prostaglandin is(More)
Endometriosis is the leading cause of morbidity among premenopausal women affecting about 1 in 10 females. The features shared by endometriosis and cancer include the ability to evade apoptosis, the stem cell-like ability and angiogenic potential. As such characteristics are encoded by the cell's genetic constitution, acquired mutations are responsible for(More)
Haematopoiesis is a complex process regulated at various levels facilitating rapid responses to external factors including stress, modulation of lineage commitment and terminal differentiation of progenitors. Although the transcription program determines the RNA pool of a cell, various mRNA strands can be obtained from the same template, giving rise to(More)
In developed countries, ovarian cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women. Due to the non-specific symptomatology associated with the disease many patients with ovarian cancer are diagnosed late, which leads to significantly poorer prognosis. Apart from surgery and radiotherapy, a substantial number of ovarian cancer patients will undergo(More)
The prevalence of global obesity is increasing. Obesity is associated with general cancer-related morbidity and mortality and is a known risk factor for development of specific cancers. A recent large systematic review of 24 studies based on meta-analysis of 11,149 patients with prostate cancer showed a significant correlation between obesity and the risk(More)
Stricturing and penetrating disease are classified as severe Crohn’s disease types and are frequently associated with an increased risk for bowel surgery. Research has shown that early treatment with aggressive immunosuppression (including biological and thiopurine therapies – the so-called “top-down approach”) results in a diminished risk of developing(More)
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