Keith Robertson

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The variations in fixation disparity (FD) with spatial frequency and retinal locus of fusion locks were examined in two groups of subjects having either steep or flat forced-duction FD curves. FD for subjects with flat curves was unaffected by either spatial frequency or diameter of fusion locks. FD of observers with steep forced-duction curves increased(More)
The initial velocity of the vergence response to step changes in disparity was examined in two subjects as a function of the retinal locus and spatial frequency of fusion stimuli. Vergence velocity decreased for both subjects as retinal eccentricity increased and it was unaffected by spatial frequency. The same subjects had very different amounts of(More)
Previously, visual acuity thresholds for eccentric retinal points have been documented for targets that oscillate while the observer fixates a central point. This research describes the situation where the observer tracks a moving target in constant linear motion, thereby involving the pursuit and saccadic eye movements. The increase of visual acuity(More)
Previous studies employing the male aromatase knockout (ArKO) mouse have indicated that local expression of estrogens appears to be important for the progression of spermatogenesis. In the absence of estrogen biosynthesis round spermatids are observed to undergo apoptosis and thus fail to differentiate into mature, elongated spermatids. This lesion appears(More)
The monocular components of the forced vergence fixation disparity curve were evaluated for equal retinal images and for two kinds of monocular retinal image degradation. Computer-generated nonius lines were used to measure the fixation disparity curve components. Monocular defocus was obtained by placing convex lenses before one eye. In the second instance(More)
Experiments were conducted to characterize the distribution of the monocular components of fixation disparity, i.e., ascertain whether or not the fixation disparity measured by nonius alignments is equally divided between the two eyes or has an unequal distribution. Computer generated nonius lines were used to measure the monocular components of the forced(More)
Visual training has an effect on the vertical vergence amplitudes. Three mature symptomatic patients exhibited a significant increase in the vertical vergence which compensates for the vertical heterophoria. Subjects with normal binocularity and hence no vertical heterophoria did not exhibit increased vertical vergence amplitudes after training.
A series of compounds based on the structure of bacilysin were synthesised and tested for antibacterial activity. The key steps in the syntheses are the coupling of an iodide to a diketopiperazine (DKP) and mono-lactim ether scaffold, respectively. The diastereoselectivity of the coupling reactions was dependant on the scaffold, with selectivity for DKP of(More)
Our lift lip technique consists of an excision of the white part of the upper lip directly beneath the nose in the shape of a 'bull's-horn', with advancement of the inferior border of the incision to the area directly beneath the nose. Pre-operative markings on the skin ensure the lip lift is approximately symmetric. Advancement of the inferior edge of skin(More)