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MYB-related transcription factors are known to regulate different branches of flavonoid metabolism in plants and are believed to play wider roles in the regulation of phenylpropanoid metabolism in general. Here, we demonstrate that overexpression of two MYB genes from Antirrhinum represses phenolic acid metabolism and lignin biosynthesis in transgenic(More)
Endoreduplication is a common process in eukaryotes that involves DNA amplification without corresponding cell divisions. Cell size in various organisms has been linked to endoreduplication, but the molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. We have used a genetic strategy to identify molecules involved in endocycles in Arabidopsis. We isolated two extreme(More)
Field-emission scanning electron microscopy was used to measure wall thicknesses of different cell types in freeze-fractured hypocotyls of Arabidopsis thaliana. Measurements of uronic acid content, wall mass, and wall volume suggest that cell wall biosynthesis in this organ does not always keep pace with, and is not always tightly coupled to, elongation. In(More)
BACKGROUND Cell elongation is mainly limited by the extensibility of the cell wall. Dicotyledonous primary (growing) cell walls contain cellulose, xyloglucan, pectin and proteins, but little is known about how each polymer class contributes to the cell wall mechanical properties that control extensibility. RESULTS We present evidence that the degree of(More)
The biosynthesis of plant cell wall polysaccharides requires the concerted action of nucleotide sugar interconversion enzymes, nucleotide sugar transporters, and glycosyl transferases. How cell wall synthesis in planta is regulated, however, remains unclear. The root epidermal bulger 1 (reb1) mutant in Arabidopsis thaliana is partially deficient in cell(More)
A small number of plant growth regulators are involved in the control of cell expansion. Despite knowledge of some of their signal transduction cascades, surprisingly little is known of how basic cell expansion-related processes, such as cell wall biosynthesis, are affected during growth. The Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) mutant root hair defective1(More)
success of an academic discipline has a lot to do with the attractiveness of its founding ideas and discoveries. These in turn reach the next generation of practitioners through textbooks. Three years after the completion of the Human Genome Project, it is safe to say that molecular cell biology is a success story. The fourth edition of its premiere(More)
Five Arabidopsis thaliana genes that encode UDP-glucose 4-epimerase (UGE) and represent two ancient plant UGE clades might be involved in the regulation of cell wall carbohydrate biosynthesis. We tested this hypothesis in a genome-wide reverse genetic study. Despite significant contributions of each gene to total UGE activity, none was essential for normal(More)
Primary cell walls are deposited and remodeled during cell division and expansion. Secondary cell walls are deposited in specialized cells after the expansion phase. It is presently unknown whether and how these processes are interrelated. The Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) MUR10 gene is required for normal primary cell wall carbohydrate composition in(More)