Keith R Reber

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INTRODUCTION Parenteral opioids are the standard of care for treating moderate to severe postsurgical pain. This randomized, double-blind, dose-ranging study compared the safety and efficacy of intranasal (IN) morphine with intravenous (IV) morphine and placebo. METHODS In total, 187 postbunionectomy patients with moderate to severe pain were randomized(More)
BACKGROUND The AERx Pain Management System (Aradigm Corporation, Hayward, CA) is a novel pulmonary delivery system for the systemic administration of morphine. The authors compared the relative analgesic efficacy and safety of the AERx Pain Management System with those of placebo and intravenous morphine in an orthopedic postsurgical pain model. METHODS(More)
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