Keith R. Fox

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We have determined the stability of intramolecular DNA quadruplexes in which the four G(3)-tracts are connected by non-nucleosidic linkers containing propanediol, octanediol or hexaethylene glycol, replacing the TTA loops in the human telomeric repeat sequence. We find that these sequences all fold to form intramolecular complexes, which are stabilized by(More)
This article is a summary of discussions held and recommendations made at a workshop for the investigation of waterborne disease outbreaks in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, December 7-8, 1998. Suspected waterborne outbreaks in the United States are primarily investigated by state and local public health officials who may infrequently conduct enteric disease(More)
G-Rich sequences are known to form four-stranded structures that are based on stacks of G-quartets, and sequences with the potential to adopt these structures are common in eukaryotic genomes. However, there are few rules for predicting the relative stability of folded complexes that are adopted by sequences with different-length G-tracts or variable-length(More)
We have examined the stability of fluorescently-labelled oligonucleotides that are based on the human telomeric repeat [(GGGTTA)(3)GGG], in which one of the guanines in turn is substituted with inosine. We show that the relative stability of the substitutions is different in the presence of sodium and potassium. The data for potassium suggest a parallel(More)
We have used bandshift analysis to measure the interaction between the Escherichia coli mismatch-binding protein MutS and synthetic DNA fragments containing all possible DNA mismatches as well as an unpaired T (DeltaT). The order of affinity is found to be DeltaT>GT>GG>AA approximately TT approximately TC>CA>GA>CC>GC. We find that the affinity for GT(More)
Five broth media and two solid media were compared for their ability to quantitatively recover total coliform bacteria from chemically treated water. M-Endo LES and mT7 media were used in the membrane filter technique. Lauryl tryptose broth, lactose broth, presence-absence broth, lactose broth with twice the amount of lactose, and lauryl tryptose broth with(More)
We have examined the interaction of distamycin, netropsin, Hoechst 33258 and berenil, which are AT-selective minor groove-binding ligands, with synthetic DNA fragments containing different arrangements of AT base pairs by DNase I footprinting. For fragments which contain multiple blocks of (A/T)4 quantitative DNase I footprinting reveals that AATT and AAAA(More)
We have determined the stability of intramolecular quadruplexes that are formed by a variety of G-rich sequences, using oligonucleotides containing appropriately placed fluorophores and quenchers. The stability of these quadruplexes is compared with that of the DNA duplexes that are formed on addition of complementary C-rich oligonucleotides. We find that(More)
We have investigated the binding of short (10 base) acridine-linked triplex-forming oligonucleotides to the target sequence A6G6.C6T6 by DNase I footprinting. Specific binding is detected at low pH (< 6.0) for 5'-Acr-T5C5 and 5'-Acr-5BrU5(5Me)C5. The sequence T5C5, lacking the acridine modification, binds less strongly, though specific binding is still(More)
The interactions of DAPI with natural DNA and synthetic polymers have been investigated by hydrodynamic, DNase I footprinting, spectroscopic, binding, and kinetic methods. Footprinting results at low ratios (compound to base pair) are similar for DAPI and distamycin. At high ratios, however, GC regions are blocked from enzyme cleavage by DAPI but not by(More)