Keith R Berend

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BACKGROUND Coronal malalignment occurs frequently in TKA and may affect implant durability and knee function. Designed to improve alignment accuracy and precision, the patient-specific positioning guide is predicated on restoration of the overall mechanical axis and is a multifaceted new tool in achieving traditional goals of TKA. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We(More)
UNLABELLED Severe distal femoral bone loss and instability in revision TKA is challenging. We retrospectively reviewed 39 rotating-hinged distal femoral replacement devices in 37 patients to examine whether improved results were obtainable, using one design, over previously published results. The average age of the patients was 76 years (standard deviation,(More)
A total of 2235 primary total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) and 605 unicompartmental knee arthroplasties performed at 3 institutions over 5 years were reviewed to compare the incidence of postoperative complications between these groups. The overall risk of complications for patients undergoing TKA was 11.0%, compared with 4.3% for patients undergoing(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if an intraoperative intraarticular and soft-tissue injection of local anaesthetic, epinephrine, and morphine has a beneficial effect for total knee arthroplasty. A control group of 138 patients (181 knees) received no intraoperative injection. The study group of 171 patients (197 knees) received intraoperative(More)
UNLABELLED How does unicompartmental compare with total knee arthroplasty in durability, incidence of complications and manipulations, recovery, postoperative function, and return to sport and work? We matched 103 patients (115 knees) treated with a mobile-bearing unicompartmental device through July 2005 to a selected group of 103 patients (115 knees)(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the importance of complications in evaluating patient outcomes after TKA, definitions of TKA complications are not standardized. Different investigators report different complications with different definitions when reporting outcomes of TKA. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We developed a standardized list and definitions of complications and(More)
A total of 223 consecutive total hip or total knee arthroplasties were evaluated for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) using leukocyte esterase reagent (LER) strips. Fifty-two LER strips were read as positive (23.3%), 106 were read as negative (47.5%), and 65 strips (29.2%) were unable to be read secondary to debris or blood in the aspiration. Using a(More)
BACKGROUND Osteonecrosis of the femoral head, a disease primarily affecting young adults, is often associated with collapse of the articular surface and subsequent arthrosis. Free vascularized fibular grafting has been reported to be successful for patients with early stages of osteonecrosis, but little is known about its efficacy after the femoral head has(More)
BACKGROUND Periprosthetic infection after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a devastating complication. Reported rates of infection control range from 80% to 95% but mortality rates associated with treatment of infected THA are also substantial and we suspect underreported. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES For patients selected for two-stage treatment of infected THA we(More)
Revision knee data from six joint arthroplasty centers were compiled for 2010 and 2011 to determine mechanism of failure and time to failure. Aseptic loosening was the predominant mechanism of failure (31.2%), followed by instability (18.7%), infection (16.2%), polyethylene wear (10.0%), arthrofibrosis (6.9%), and malalignment (6.6%). Mean time to failure(More)