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BACKGROUND Obesity is considered to be a contraindication for unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR). The aim was to study the impact of BMI on failure rate and clinical outcome of the Oxford mobile bearing UKR. METHOD Two thousand four hundred and thirty-eight medial Oxford UKRs were studied prospectively and divided into groups: BMI<25 (n=378), BMI 25(More)
A total of 2235 primary total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) and 605 unicompartmental knee arthroplasties performed at 3 institutions over 5 years were reviewed to compare the incidence of postoperative complications between these groups. The overall risk of complications for patients undergoing TKA was 11.0%, compared with 4.3% for patients undergoing(More)
BACKGROUND Coronal malalignment occurs frequently in TKA and may affect implant durability and knee function. Designed to improve alignment accuracy and precision, the patient-specific positioning guide is predicated on restoration of the overall mechanical axis and is a multifaceted new tool in achieving traditional goals of TKA. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We(More)
Restoration of an overall neutral mechanical axis has been a long-held tenet in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Numerous biomechanical, finite element, and clinical studies have demonstrated that coronal malalignment, particularly varus, is associated with increased strain, higher failure rates, and, in some cases, poorer outcomes. With advances in(More)
BACKGROUND TKA is among the fastest growing interventions in medicine, with procedure incidence increasing the most in younger patients. Global knee scores have a ceiling effect and do not capture the presence of difficulty or dissatisfaction with specific activities important to patients. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We quantified the degree of residual symptoms(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if an intraoperative intraarticular and soft-tissue injection of local anaesthetic, epinephrine, and morphine has a beneficial effect for total knee arthroplasty. A control group of 138 patients (181 knees) received no intraoperative injection. The study group of 171 patients (197 knees) received intraoperative(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the importance of complications in evaluating patient outcomes after TKA, definitions of TKA complications are not standardized. Different investigators report different complications with different definitions when reporting outcomes of TKA. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We developed a standardized list and definitions of complications and(More)
Revision knee data from six joint arthroplasty centers were compiled for 2010 and 2011 to determine mechanism of failure and time to failure. Aseptic loosening was the predominant mechanism of failure (31.2%), followed by instability (18.7%), infection (16.2%), polyethylene wear (10.0%), arthrofibrosis (6.9%), and malalignment (6.6%). Mean time to failure(More)
The anterior-supine intermuscular approach is a truly muscle-sparing approach to total hip arthroplasty with a low complication rate. The advantages include improved early recovery and return to everyday activities. The authors found the learning curve to be around 40 cases and 6 months in a high-volume joint surgeon's practice. This article provides a(More)
UNLABELLED There has been increasing use of and expanding indications for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty using minimally invasive techniques. We sought to define contraindications by examining failures. We retrospectively reviewed the early results of a consecutive series of minimally invasive medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty using two implant(More)