Keith P Cross

Learn More
STUDY OBJECTIVE A variety of methods have been proposed and used in disaster triage situations, but there is little more than expert opinion to support most of them. Anecdotal disaster experiences often report mediocre real-world triage accuracy. The study objective was to determine the accuracy of several disaster triage methods when predicting clinically(More)
The purpose of this study was to prospectively determine the neurodevelopmental effects associated with single-suture, nonsyndromic craniosynostosis before and after surgery. Children diagnosed with single-suture craniosynostosis were evaluated by a psychologist using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-Second Edition (BSID-II) within 2 months before(More)
OBJECTIVES Ultrasound (US) may be a useful tool for rapidly diagnosing fractures. Our objective was to determine the accuracy of US as compared with radiographs in the detection of nonangulated distal forearm fractures. METHODS Distal forearm US was performed and interpreted at the bedside by a pediatric emergency medicine physician before radiography in(More)
OBJECTIVES Clavicle fractures are among the most common orthopedic injuries in children. Diagnosis typically involves radiographs, which expose children to radiation and may consume significant time and resources. Our objective was to determine if bedside emergency department (ED) ultrasound (US) is an accurate alternative to radiography. METHODS This was(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the demographic and clinical factors of children who present to the pediatric emergency department (ED) with abdominal pain and their outcomes. METHODS A review of the electronic medical record of patients 1 to 18 years old, who presented to the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh ED with a complaint of abdominal pain over the(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies reviewing immune mechanisms of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) have suggested acute and chronic forms may represent distinct immunopathological disorders. This study evaluated absolute lymphocyte counts (ALCs) as predictors for ITP outcomes. PROCEDURE CBCs with differential counts were ascertained at presentation, 3, 6, and 12(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare the duration of analgesia, need for analgesic medications, and pain-related nursing interventions in patients who did and did not receive ultrasound-guided femoral nerve blocks for femur fracture pain. METHODS This is a retrospective, preimplementation and postimplementation cohort study. An emergency(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, approximately 85% of children with significant congenital heart problems survive to adolescence and adulthood. This survival rate represents a dramatic improvement in the medical and surgical care of congenital heart disease (CHD) during the last 35 years. Nevertheless, these patients remain at increased risk for significant cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine the predictive value of the Glasgow coma scale (GCS) and the Glasgow motor component (GMC) for overall mortality, death on arrival, and major injury and the relationship between GCS and length of stay (LOS) in the emergency department (ED) and hospital. METHODS Records from the American College of(More)
INTRODUCTION Though many mass-casualty triage methods have been proposed, few have been validated in an evidence-based manner. The Sacco Triage Method (STM) has been shown to accurately stratify adult victims of blunt and penetrating trauma into groups of increasing mortality risk. However, it has not been validated for pediatric trauma victims. PURPOSE(More)