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BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies have suggested that most cases of sporadic colon cancer can be attributed to diet. The recognition that colonic microbiota have a major influence on colonic health suggests that they might mediate colonic carcinogenesis. OBJECTIVE To examine the hypothesis that the influence of diet on colon cancer risk is mediated by the(More)
CONTEXT Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. First-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors improve progression-free survival in lung cancers with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. EGFR mutations occur predominantly in exons 19 and 21 in lung adenocarcinomas of Asians (∼30%), whites (∼15%), and African Americans (∼19%).(More)
Gestation may represent a window of susceptibility to transplacental effects of environmental exposures, including chemicals in water. The N-nitroso compounds (NNC), a class of chemicals with demonstrated neurocarcinogenic potential, include substances detected in drinking water. We used data from a study of possible risk factors for childhood brain tumors(More)
Cholesterol oxidase is of significant commercial interest as it is widely used as a biosensor for the detection of cholesterol in clinical samples, blood serum and food. Increased stability of this enzyme with regards to temperature and different solvent conditions are of great importance to the reliability and versatility of its applications. We here(More)
OBJECTIVE We have encountered unexplained anteromedial tibial rim edema in acute anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears. Our goal was to determine the incidence, internal derangements, and mechanism of injury in patients with anteromedial tibial rim edema (rim sign). MATERIALS AND METHODS A retrospective review of ACL tears diagnosed by magnetic resonance(More)
Rates of colon cancer are much higher in African Americans (65:100,000) than in rural South Africans (<5:100,000). The higher rates are associated with higher animal protein and fat, and lower fibre consumption, higher colonic secondary bile acids, lower colonic short-chain fatty acid quantities and higher mucosal proliferative biomarkers of cancer risk in(More)
The ethanolamine ammonia-lyase microcompartment is composed of five different shell proteins that have been proposed to assemble into symmetrically shaped polyhedral particles of varying sizes. Here, preliminary X-ray analysis of crystals of the bacterial microcompartment shell protein Eut-L from Escherichia coli is reported. Cloning, overexpression and(More)
This paper studies vertical R&D spillovers between upstream and downstream firms. The model incorporates two vertically related industries, with horizontal spillovers within each industry and vertical spillovers between the two industries. Four types of R&D cooperation are studied : no cooperation, horizontal cooperation, vertical cooperation, and(More)