Keith N. Christie

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Carbonic anhydrase (CA) isoenzymes have been widely studied in the gastrointestinal tract, where they mediate membrane transport events and pH regulation. However, the esophagus has generally received scant attention. In an immunohistochemical study confirmed by Western blotting, we have detected for CA isoenzymes (CAI, II, III, and IV) in the epithelium of(More)
Hamster mast cells have been found to give strong peroxidatic reactions at pH 5, 7.5 and 10 when sections of skeletal muscle are incubated for 2.5 h in the dark at room temperature on semipermeable membranes covering a gelled incubation medium consisting of 0.01% hydrogen peroxide, 5.5 mM diaminobenzidine and 1.36% agar dissolved in Universal buffer. The(More)
Seven proteases assumed to be aminopeptidases A, B and M, dipeptidyl peptidases II and IV, esteroproteinase and γ-glutamyltransferase were localized histochemically, using semipermeable membrane simultaneous coupling techniques, in unfixed cryostat sections of skeletal muscle removed from one healthy volunteer, six patients with disuse muscle atrophy, and(More)
Cytochemical evidence is reported for substantiating the view that when lightly-fixed skeletal muscle is incubated in a diaminobenzidine-H2O2 medium at pH 5, the resulting enhanced electron opacity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum is more likely to be due to a peroxidatic activity therein rather than to a non-enzymic binding reaction. The reticulum staining is(More)
Catalase has been localized immunocytochemically with anti-bovine catalase in long thin filament structures in aerobic type I fibers in the skeletal muscles of normal and genetically dystrophic hamsters. The filaments range in length from 1 to 60 micron, are orientated regularly along the long axis of the fibers, and also seem to surround and project from(More)
Carbonic anhydrase II (CA II) is present in human oesophageal epithelial cells and probably involved in protecting the mucosa against acidic gastric refluxate. If this is the case, then it is likely that the enzyme will be more concentrated at or near the gastro-oesophageal junction. To answer this question, and determine whether CA II is present and(More)
The enzyme cytochemistry and proportion of mononuclear cells exclusively present within degenerating muscle fibres of the soleus of rats 24 h after a single intraperitoneal injection of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) (10 mg/kg) were studied. The following enzymes displayed strong cytochemical activities within these cells: non-specific esterase (against(More)
Carbonic anhydrase (EC 4.2.1.1) activity was investigated in normal human oesophageal mucosa using the Hansson and Ridderstråle catalytic cobalt methods. The enzyme was detected in the cell membranes and nuclei and, to a lesser extent, in the cytoplasm of the epithelial cells of the mucosa giving a ‘chicken wire’ appearance. Activity decreased towards the(More)