Keith M. Gottesdiener

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BACKGROUND Observational data and non-human primate challenge studies suggest that cell-mediated immune responses might provide control of HIV replication. The Step Study directly assessed the efficacy of a cell-mediated immunity vaccine to protect against HIV-1 infection or change in early plasma HIV-1 levels. METHODS We undertook a double-blind, phase(More)
BACKGROUND Aprepitant is a neurokinin(1) receptor antagonist that enhances prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting when added to conventional therapy with a corticosteroid and a 5-hydroxytryptamine(3) (5-HT(3)) antagonist. Because aprepitant may be used with a variety of chemotherapeutic agents and ancillary support drugs, which may be(More)
BACKGROUND Aprepitant is a neurokinin(1) receptor antagonist that, in combination with a corticosteroid and a 5-hydroxytryptamine(3) receptor antagonist, has been shown to be very effective in the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. At doses used for the management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, aprepitant is a moderate(More)
Cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) inverse agonists are emerging as a potential obesity therapy. However, the physiological mechanisms by which these agents modulate human energy balance are incompletely elucidated. Here, we describe a comprehensive clinical research study of taranabant, a structurally novel acyclic CB1R inverse agonist. Positron emission(More)
Raltegravir is a novel human immunodeficiency virus-1 integrase inhibitor with potent in vitro activity (95% inhibitory concentration (IC95)=33 nM in 50% human serum). Three double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, pharmacokinetic, safety, and tolerability studies were conducted: (1) single-dose escalation study (10-1,600 mg), (2) multiple-dose(More)
CONTEXT In response to a meal, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) are released and modulate glycemic control. Normally these incretins are rapidly degraded by dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4). DPP-4 inhibitors are a novel class of oral antihyperglycemic agents in development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.(More)
A number of issues have remained unanswered in the design of "thorough QT"(TQT) studies. In this randomized, placebo-controlled, two-period crossover study in 20 healthy subjects, replicate electrocardiograms (ECGs) were recorded on a digital 12-lead Holter recorder, extracted in a core ECG laboratory, and interpreted manually by a cardiologist. The(More)
[(18)F]MK-9470 is a selective, high-affinity, inverse agonist (human IC(50), 0.7 nM) for the cannabinoid CB1 receptor (CB1R) that has been developed for use in human brain imaging. Autoradiographic studies in rhesus monkey brain showed that [(18)F]MK-9470 binding is aligned with the reported distribution of CB1 receptors with high specific binding in the(More)
[(14)C]Etoricoxib (100 microCi/dose) was administered to six healthy male subjects (i.v., 25 mg; p.o., 100 mg). Following the i.v. dose, the plasma clearance was 57 ml/min, and the harmonic mean half-life was 24.8 h. Etoricoxib accounted for the majority of the radioactivity (approximately 75%) present in plasma following both i.v. and p.o. doses. The oral(More)