Keith M. Baumgarten

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Outcome measures may consist of simple questions or they may be more complex instruments that evaluate multiple interrelated domains that influence patient function. Outcome measures should be relevant to patients, easy to use, reliable, valid, and responsive to clinical changes. The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score can be used to measure(More)
BACKGROUND It is generally accepted that the initial treatment for trigger finger is injection of corticosteroid into the flexor tendon sheath. In this study, the efficacy of corticosteroid injections for the treatment of trigger finger in patients with diabetes mellitus was evaluated in a prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blinded fashion and the(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical studies using continuous infusions of local anesthetics and basic science studies that model injections of local anesthetics have shown chondrotoxicity. However, clinical studies do not exist that have assessed for the risk of chondrolysis in nonarthritic joints exposed to single or intermittent corticosteroid or analgesic injections.(More)
The amount of axial rotation in the tibia caused by high tibial osteotomy is relatively unknown. The authors hypothesize that the coronal plane high tibial osteotomy, a novel technique used to treat varus malalignment, alters the axial rotation of the tibia less than the opening wedge high tibial osteotomy. Eight, embalmed, stripped cadaveric tibia-fibula(More)
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